Performance of Dye-Sensitized solar cells with (PVDF-HFP)-KI-EC-PC electrolyte and different dye materials

Majid, S.R.; Arof, A.K.; Noor, M.M.; Buraidah, M.H.; Yusuf, S.N.F.; Careem, M.A. (2011) Performance of Dye-Sensitized solar cells with (PVDF-HFP)-KI-EC-PC electrolyte and different dye materials. International Journal of Photoenergy. ISSN 1110-662X

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Abstract

A plasticized polymer electrolyte system composed of PVDF-HFP, potassium iodide (KI), and equal weight of ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) has been used in a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). The electrolyte with the composition 40 wt. % PVDF-HFP-10wt. % KI-50 wt. % (EC + PC) exhibits the highest room temperature ionic conductivity of 1.10 x 10(-3) S cm(-1). A small amount of iodine crystal of about 10 wt. % of KI was added to the electrolyte in the liquid state to provide the redox couple for DSSC operation. The polymer electrolyte films were prepared by the solvent casting method. The DSSCs were fabricated with the electrolyte film sandwiched between a TiO(2)/dye photoelectrode and a Pt-counter electrode and characterized under 100 mW cm(-2) white light. The DSSC performance with different dyes such as Ruthenizer 535 (N3), anthocyanin, chlorophyll, and a mixture of anthocyanin and chlorophyll (v/v = 1) has been compared. The DSSC with Ruthenizer 535 (N3) dye exhibits the best performance with a short-circuit current density of 8.16 mA cm(-2), open-circuit voltage of 0.76 V, fill factor of 0.35, and photoconversion efficiency of 2.2%.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
  1. Majid, S.R.(Department of Physics, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
  2. Arof, A.K.
  3. Noor, M.M.
  4. Buraidah, M.H.
  5. Yusuf, S.N.F.
  6. Careem, M.A.
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Photoenergy
Additional Information: Department of Physics, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gel polymer electrolyte, photovoltaic performance
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Physics
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2013 09:06
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2015 14:08
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7674

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