Dietary spices protect against hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage and inhibit nicotine-induced cancer cell migration

Jayakumar, R. and Kanthimathi, M.S. (2012) Dietary spices protect against hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage and inhibit nicotine-induced cancer cell migration. Food Chemistry, 134 (3). pp. 1580-1584. ISSN 0308-8146

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Abstract

Spices are rich sources of antioxidants due to the presence of phenols and flavonoids. In this study, the DNA protecting activity and inhibition of nicotine-induced cancer cell migration of 9 spices were analysed. Murine fibroblasts (3T3-L1) and human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells were pre-treated with spice extracts and then exposed to H 2O 2 and nicotine. The comet assay was used to analyse the DNA damage. Among the 9 spices, ginger, at 50 μg/ml protected against 68 of DNA damage in 3T3-L1 cells. Caraway, cumin and fennel showed statistically significant (p < 0.05) DNA protecting activity. Treatment of MCF-7 cells with nicotine induced cell migration, whereas pre-treatment with spices reduced this migration. Pepper, long pepper and ginger exhibited a high rate of inhibition of cell migration. The results of this study prove that spices protect DNA and inhibit cancer cell migration. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidants; Comet assay; Nicotine; Oxidative stress; Pro-oxidants; Spices; Cancer cells; Cell migration
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 02:24
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2014 03:58
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7157

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