Batch and fixed bed adsorption studies of lead (II) cations from aqueous solutions onto granular activated carbon derived from mangostana garcinia shell

Chowdhury, Z.Z. and Khalid, K. and Rafique, R.F. and Khan, R.A. and Zain, S.M. (2012) Batch and fixed bed adsorption studies of lead (II) cations from aqueous solutions onto granular activated carbon derived from mangostana garcinia shell. BioResources, 7 (3). pp. 2895-2915. ISSN 19302126

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Abstract

The feasibility of granular activated carbon (GAC) derived from Mangostene (Mangostana garcinia) fruit shell to remove lead, Pb 2+ cations was investigated in batch and fixed bed sorption systems. Batch experiments were carried out to study equilibrium isotherms, kinetics, and thermodynamics by using an initial lead (Pb 2+ ions) concentration of 50 to 100 mg/L at pH 5.5. Equilibrium data were fitted using Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin linear equation models at temperatures 30°C, 50°C, and 70°C. Langmuir maximum monolayer sorption capacity was 25.00 mg/g at 30°C. The experimental data were best represented by pseudo-second-order and Elovich models. The sorption process was found to be feasible, endothermic, and spontaneous. In column experiments, the effects of initial cation concentration (50 mg/L, 70 mg/L, and 100 mg/L), bed height (4.5 cm and 3 cm), and flow rate (1 mL/min and 3 mL/min) on the breakthrough characteristics were evaluated. Breakthrough curves were further analyzed by using Thomas and Yoon Nelson models to study column dynamics. The column was regenerated and reused consecutively for four cycles. The result demonstrated that the prepared activated carbon was suitable for removal of Pb 2+ from synthetic aqueous solution using batch, as well as fixed bed sorption systems.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption, Biomass, Equilibrium, Fixed bed, Isotherms, Kinetics, Thermodynamics, Batch experiments, Bed height, Break through curve, Cation concentrations, Column dynamics, Column experiments, Equilibrium data, Equilibrium isotherms, Experimental data, Fixed-bed adsorption, Four cycles, Freundlich, Granular activated carbons, Langmuir maxima, Langmuirs, Sorption capacities, Sorption process, Sorption system, Activated carbon, Dyes, Enzyme kinetics, Experiments, Granular materials, Lead, Phase equilibria, Positive ions
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Chemistry
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 14 May 2013 01:27
Last Modified: 14 May 2013 01:27
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6085

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