Organophosphate exposure: a preliminary assessment on the use of pesticide intensity score to evaluate exposure among fruit growers

Tengku Hanidza, T.I. and Manaf, L.A. and Yusoff, M.K. and Juahir, H. and Zain, S.M. (2010) Organophosphate exposure: a preliminary assessment on the use of pesticide intensity score to evaluate exposure among fruit growers. EnvironmentAsia, 3. pp. 203-216. ISSN 19061714

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Abstract

This study examines the influence of work hours, personal protective equipment use, and pesticide ingestion on the amount of urinary metabolites among fruit growers applying organophosphate pesticide. Thirty nine urine samples were collected from seven applicators before and after organophosphate applications. All dimethyl metabolites were present in day 1 morning urine samples for all workers. The arithmetic means for day 1 ranged from 21.5-94.17 μg/L DMP, 6.25-81.25 μg/L DMTP, and <LOQ-153.17 μg/L DMDTP. Day 2 urine samples had the highest amount of metabolites. The arithmetic means ranged from 25.8-558 μg/L DMP, 15.75-398 μg/L DMTP, 21.5-568.57 μg/L DMDTP, and <LOQ-17.67 μg/L DEP. The arithmetic means for day 4 ranges from 19.2-182 μg/L DMP, 13.33-138 μg/L DMTP, 22.75-157.83 μg/L DMDTP, and <LOQ-26 μg/L DEP. From the questionnaire, the exposure algorithm based on duration of hours worked, PPE use and pesticide ingestion showed poor relationship with urine concentration (r=0.1847). The linear relationship is not established due to variability within and between applicators.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fruit growers, Organophosphate, Pesticide intensity score, Urinary metabolites, fruit, ingestion rate, pesticide, urine
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Chemistry
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 08 May 2013 01:51
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2015 06:11
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6048

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