Analysis of Aroma and Yield Components of Aromatic Rice in Malaysian Tropical Environment

Golam, F. and Yin, Y.H. and Masitah, A. and Afnierna, N. and Majid, N.A. and Khalid, N. and Osman, M. (2011) Analysis of Aroma and Yield Components of Aromatic Rice in Malaysian Tropical Environment. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5 (11). pp. 1318-1325. ISSN 1835-2693

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Abstract

Low yield is a common phenomenon of aromatic rice and consequently rice breeders are trying to develop the agronomic characters to gain a better grain yield. In this study, a total of 53 rice genotypes including 12 globally popular aromatic rice cultivars and 39 advanced breeding lines were evaluated for yield and yield contributing characters in Malaysian tropical environment. Two local varieties MRQ 50 and MRQ 72 were used as check varieties. Correlation analysis revealed that the number of fertile tillers (r = 0.69), grain/panicle (r = 0.86) and fertile grain per panicle (r = 0.65) have the positive contribution to grain yield. Highest grain yield was observed in E36, followed by Khau Dau Mali, E26 and E13. E36 appeared with lowest plant height and it also produced highest number of fertile tillers. After evaluation of yield components four genotypes namely E36, Khau Dau Mali, E26 and E13 were selected as outstanding genotypes, which can be used as potential breeding materials for Malaysian tropical environment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aromatic rice Tropical environment Yield Yield component
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2013 14:00
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2013 03:08
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5878

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