Tribological behaviour of quenched and tempered, and austempered ductile iron at the same hardness level

Haseeb, A.S. Md. Abdul and Islam, Md. Aminul and Bepari, Md. Mohar Ali (2000) Tribological behaviour of quenched and tempered, and austempered ductile iron at the same hardness level. Wear, 244 (1-2). pp. 15-19. ISSN 0043-1648

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(00)00404-X

Abstract

The tribological behaviour of ductile iron heat-treated by two different procedures viz. quenching and tempering, and austempering to an identical matrix hardness of 445 KHN is compared. Wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disc type apparatus under dry sliding conditions at a linear speed of 1.18 m s(-1). Applied load and sliding distance in the range of 7.5-30 N and 2 x 10(4)-6 x 10(4) m, respectively, were used. It was observed that under all test conditions, austempered ductile iron exhibits a better wear resistance than quenched and tempered ductile iron, although both have an identical chemical composition and matrix hardness. The relative superiority of austempered ductile iron becomes even more pronounced at higher load and longer sliding distance. Microhardness measurement below the wear scar reveals that the hardness of austempered ductile iron increases while that of quenched and tempered iron decreases during the wear process. Metallographic study of the worn surfaces and X-ray investigation on wear debris indicate that oxidational wear is operative in both the samples. Stress-induced martensitic transformation of retained austenite as well as strain hardening of bainitic ferrite are thought to contribute to the improved wear performance of austempered ductile iron. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Haseeb, ASMA Islam, MA Bepari, MMA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dry sliding wear; Austempered ductile iron; Quenched and tempered ductile iron; Oxidational wear
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammed Salim Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2013 00:58
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 04:35
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5785

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