Thermal behaviour and thermodegradation Kinetics of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Plasticized with Polymeric and Oligomeric Medium-Chain-Length Poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates)

Sin, M.C. and Tan, I.K.P. and Annuar, M.S.M. and Gan, S.N. (2012) Thermal behaviour and thermodegradation Kinetics of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Plasticized with Polymeric and Oligomeric Medium-Chain-Length Poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates). Polymer Degradation and Stability, 97 (11). pp. 2118-2127. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is a well-known polymer with low thermal stability. With the aim to improve the physical properties of PVC, biopolyesters were investigated for the plasticizing and thermal effects in PVC. In this study, polymeric medium-chain-length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (mcl-PHA) were produced by Pseudomonas putida PGA1 using renewable carbon substrates and oligomeric mcl-PHA were generated by partial thermal degradation of the polymers. The effects of blending these biopolyesters with PVC were investigated in terms of thermal behaviour and thermodegradation kinetics. The PVC/PHA blends showed a single Tg with lower values than PVC, indicating that mcl-PHA was compatible with PVC. Tg from DSC analysis agreed well with theoretical Tg predicted from Gordon�Taylor equation. The apparent activation energy (Ed) and pre-exponential factor (A) for the thermodegradation of PVC and its blends were determined using Kissinger method. Change in entropy of activation (�S) for the thermodegradation was also determined. All PVC/PHA blends had lower Ed, A and �S than PVC. Higher reduction of Ed, A and �S was observed when the proportion of PHA was increased in the blend; and when oligomeric PHA was used as the plasticizer instead of polymeric PHA. The dependence of Ed on the extent of conversion (α) for the thermodegradation process of PVC and PVC/PHA was determined by Flynn�Wall�Ozawa method and results showed that Ed is an increasing function of α. This indicated that the thermal decomposition of PVC and its blends display complex reaction mechanism(s).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PVC Mcl-PHA Plasticizers Gordonâ,Taylor Kissinger Flynnâ Wallâ Ozawa
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2013 05:43
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2013 02:05
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5410

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