Palm-Based Nonionic Surfactants as Emulsifiers for High Internal Phase Emulsions

Huang, N. and Lim, H. and Kassim, A. and Ambar Yarmo, M. (2009) Palm-Based Nonionic Surfactants as Emulsifiers for High Internal Phase Emulsions. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 12 (4). pp. 1-8. ISSN 10973958

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Abstract

In the present study, a series of as-synthesized palm-based nonionic surfactants with various hydrophile-lipophile balance values were successfully synthesized. The critical micelle concentration and the Gibbs energy of the surfactants were determined and discussed. For the first time, the surfactants were used to stabilize three-component olein oil-in-water high internal phase emulsions, with an oil volume fraction of 0.85, and which were easily prepared by one-pot homogenization. Proof of high stability was confirmed by the satisfactory rheological profiles and further enhanced by a three-month storage exercise at an elevated temperature which showed no significant physical and rheological changes. These results suggest that low concentration of the surfactants efficiently stabilized the emulsions with high content of oil. Based on the optical micrograph observation, an average droplet size of less than 10 μm increased with increasing ethylene oxide chain length and temperature. The varying degree of viscosity resulted from the various ethylene oxide chain lengths of the surfactants. The hydration efficacy of the emulsions was examined in vivo using a corneometer. The impressive hydration efficacy of olein oil suggests that it could well be a potential moisturizing lipid which might interest dermatologists. © 2009 AOCS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: High internal phase emulsion Hydration Olein oil Palm-based surfactants Rheology
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Physics
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2013 08:38
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2013 08:38
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5331

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