Characterization and chemical treatment of Taman Beringin landfill leachate

Nor Asikir, M.; Agamuthu, P. (2007) Characterization and chemical treatment of Taman Beringin landfill leachate. Malaysian Journal of Science, 26 (1). pp. 43-55. ISSN 13943065

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Abstract

Characterization of landfill leachate from Taman Beringin landfill, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia was carried out immediately after sample collection. Subsequently, it was treated using alum, ferric chloride (FeCl3), Fenton's reagent and polyaluminium chloride (PAC) individually. Raw leachate contained COD (5400 mg/L), BOD (1900 mg/L), NH3-N (3500 mg/L), sulphide (68 mg/L), chloride (260 mg/L) and heavy metals such as Pb (3.38 mg/L), Cu (0.48 mg/L), Zn (4.5 mg/L) and Fe (35.8 mg/L). All these parameters were above the EQA 1974 (Standard A and B) limit. At optimal ratio of 1:6 (Fe to H2O2), with rapid and slow mixing at 100 - 120 rpm and 30 - 40 rpm, respectively Fenton's reagent was able to reduce about 62% of COD, 58% of BOD, 65% of NH3-N, 100% of Pb, Cu and Zn, 95% of A1 and 82% of Fe. PAC, also at optimal concentration of 0.4g/500 ml, and at pH of 7 with rapid and slow mixing at 100 - 120 rpm and 30 - 40 rpm, was capable of reducing COD and BOD by 59% and 55% respectively. The reduction of NH3-N, Pb, Al, Fe, Cu and Zn ranged from 51 % to 100%. At the optimum concentration of 5g/500ml, alum was capable of reducing about 53% of COD, 49% of BOD, 63% of NH3-N, 99% of Pb, 100% of Cu, 91% of Al, 100% of Zn and 81% of Fe. Finally, FeCl3, at optimum concentration, pH and mixing speed, reduced COD by 38% while BOD was reduced by 42%. The reduction of NH3-N, Pb, Al, Zn and Fe ranged from 41% to 85%. Fenton's reagent was most effective in reducing most of the above parameters compared to PAC, alum and FeCl3. Some parameters such as COD, BOD, NH3-N, Al and Fe still exceeded the EQA 1974 (Standard A and B), although Fenton's reagent was able to reduce Pb, Cu and Zn to below the EQA Standard.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
  1. Nor Asikir, M.
  2. Agamuthu, P.(Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
Journal or Publication Title: Malaysian Journal of Science
Additional Information: Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alum, Characterization, Coagulation, FeCl3, Fenton's reagent, Flocculation, Landfill leachate, Polyaluminium chloride [PAC]
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2013 11:25
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2013 11:25
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5008

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