Heavy metal accumulation in ipomoea reptans and helianthus annuus

Fauziah, S.H.; Agamuthu, P.; Wan Siti NurHajar, W.I. (2011) Heavy metal accumulation in ipomoea reptans and helianthus annuus. Malaysian Journal of Science, 30 (1). pp. 36-44. ISSN 13943065

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Abstract

Heavy metals contaminations are among the most hazardous environmental pollution due to its ability to resist disintegration in the natural ecosystem. Thus, they pose risk to living organisms as they are persistent in the environment. Reports on the accumulations of heavy metal in edible plants had alarmed many parties that the general public has become more aware on the seriousness of this issue. Bioaccumulation within the food chain poses potential risks of toxicity effects. Thus, it is crucial to conduct appropriate study to analyze the pathway of the heavy metal elements as a measure to understand the behavior of the heavy metal elements. The aim of this paper is to investigate heavy metal accumulation in plant tissue, particularly the leave, stem and root. Ipomoea reptans and Helianthus annus were selected as the experimental plant species in the study. Spent dry cell or batteries were utilized as the source of heavy metal contamination of which batteries are commonly discarded in the municipal solid waste stream. Results indicated that the accumulation of heavy metals in the two plants were low and below the limit of European Union Standard for edible plants. However, heavy metal in alkaline batteries exposure was found to promote the growth of longer root in both plants as compared to carbon-zinc batteries and the control. Yet, the accumulation of heavy metal in the plants tissues in this study were only monitored for the period based on the maturation of the plants, longer exposure may result with different outcome, that further investigation is deemed necessary.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
  1. Fauziah, S.H.
  2. Agamuthu, P.(Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
  3. Wan Siti NurHajar, W.I.
Journal or Publication Title: Malaysian Journal of Science
Additional Information: Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Batteries, Bioaccumulations, Edible plants, Heavy metal
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2013 10:15
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2014 09:37
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4970

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