Risk and prognostic significance of tuberculosis in patients from the treat Asia HIV Observational Database

Zhou, J.L. and Elliott, J. and Li, P.C.K. and Lim, P.L. and Kiertiburanakul, S. and Kumarasamy, N. and Merati, T.P. and Pujari, S. and Chen, Y.M.A. and Phanuphak, P. and Vonthanak, S. and Sirisanthana, T. and Sungkanuparph, S. and Lee, C.K.C. and Kamarulzaman, Adeeba and Oka, S. and Zhang, F. and Tau, G. and Ditangco, R. (2009) Risk and prognostic significance of tuberculosis in patients from the treat Asia HIV Observational Database. BMC Infectious Diseases, 9. ISSN 1471-2334

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Abstract

To assess the risk and the prognostic significance of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in patients from The TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database, a multi-centre prospective cohort of HIV-infected patients receiving HIV care in the Asia-Pacific region. Methods: The risk of TB diagnosis after recruitment was assessed in patients with prospective follow-up. TB diagnosis was fitted as a time-dependent variable in assessing overall survival. Results: At baseline, 22 of patients were diagnosed with TB. TB incidence was 1.98 per 100 person-years during follow up, with predictors including younger age, lower recent CD4 count, duration of antiretroviral treatment, and living in high TB burden countries. Among 3279 patients during 6968 person-years, 142 died (2.04 per 100 person-years). Compared to patients with CDC category A or B illness only, mortality was marginally higher in patients with single Non-TB AIDS defining illness (ADI), or TB only (adjusted HR 1.35, p = 0.173) and highest in patients with multiple non-TB AIDS or both TB and other ADI (adjusted HR 2.21, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The risk of TB diagnosis was associated with increasing immunodeficiency and partly reduced by antiretroviral treatment. The prognosis of developing TB appeared to be similar to that following a diagnosis of other non-TB ADI.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Zhou, Jialun Elliott, Julian Li, Patrick C. K. Lim, Poh Lian Kiertiburanakul, Sasisopin Kumarasamy, Nagalingeswaran Merati, Tuti Parwati Pujari, Sanjay Chen, Yi-Ming A. Phanuphak, Praphan Vonthanak, Saphonn Sirisanthana, Thira Sungkanuparph, Somnuek Lee, Christopher K. C. Kamarulzaman, Adeeba Oka, Shinichi Zhang, Fujie Tau, Goa Ditangco, Rossana
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms azrahani halim
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2013 03:27
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 07:47
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4614

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