Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia

Choi, P.; Kavasery, R.; Desai, M.M.; Govindasamy, S.; Kamarulzaman, A.; Altice, F.L. (2010) Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia. International Journal of Std & Aids, 21 (6). pp. 416-423. ISSN 0956-4624

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    HIV-infected prisoners face an inordinate number of community re-entry challenges. In 2007, 102 HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia were surveyed anonymously within six months prior to release to assess the prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges. Staying out of prison (60.8), remaining off drugs (39.2), finding employment (35.3) and obtaining HIV care (32.4) were the re-entry challenges reported most frequently. Global stigma, negative self-image and public attitudes-related stigma were independently associated with challenges to obtaining HIV care. In multivariate analyses, those with previous incarcerations (adjusted odds ratio AOR, 3.2; 95% confidence interval CI, 1.4-7.6), higher HIV-related symptoms (AOR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-4.1) and higher public attitudes-related stigma (AOR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2-5.1) had a significantly higher likelihood of identifying more re-entry challenges. Targeted interventions, such as effective drug treatment, HIV care and public awareness campaigns, are crucial for stemming the HIV epidemic and improving health outcomes among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia.

    Item Type: Article
    1. Choi, P.
    2. Kavasery, R.
    3. Desai, M.M.
    4. Govindasamy, S.
    5. Kamarulzaman, A.(Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
    6. Altice, F.L.
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Std & Aids
    Additional Information: Choi, P. Kavasery, R. Desai, M. M. Govindasamy, S. Kamarulzaman, A. Altice, F. L.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia, prisoners, HIV, AIDS, substance abuse, re-entry, HIV stigma
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Ms azrahani halim
    Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2013 11:18
    Last Modified: 29 Jan 2013 11:18

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