Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia

Choi, P.; Kavasery, R.; Desai, M.M.; Govindasamy, S.; Kamarulzaman, A.; Altice, F.L. (2010) Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia. International Journal of Std & Aids, 21 (6). pp. 416-423. ISSN 0956-4624

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    Abstract

    HIV-infected prisoners face an inordinate number of community re-entry challenges. In 2007, 102 HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia were surveyed anonymously within six months prior to release to assess the prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges. Staying out of prison (60.8), remaining off drugs (39.2), finding employment (35.3) and obtaining HIV care (32.4) were the re-entry challenges reported most frequently. Global stigma, negative self-image and public attitudes-related stigma were independently associated with challenges to obtaining HIV care. In multivariate analyses, those with previous incarcerations (adjusted odds ratio AOR, 3.2; 95% confidence interval CI, 1.4-7.6), higher HIV-related symptoms (AOR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-4.1) and higher public attitudes-related stigma (AOR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2-5.1) had a significantly higher likelihood of identifying more re-entry challenges. Targeted interventions, such as effective drug treatment, HIV care and public awareness campaigns, are crucial for stemming the HIV epidemic and improving health outcomes among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia.

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Choi, P.
    2. Kavasery, R.
    3. Desai, M.M.
    4. Govindasamy, S.
    5. Kamarulzaman, A.(Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
    6. Altice, F.L.
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Std & Aids
    Additional Information: Choi, P. Kavasery, R. Desai, M. M. Govindasamy, S. Kamarulzaman, A. Altice, F. L.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia, prisoners, HIV, AIDS, substance abuse, re-entry, HIV stigma
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Ms azrahani halim
    Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2013 11:18
    Last Modified: 29 Jan 2013 11:18
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4608

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