Epidemiology of Malaria in Attapeu Province, Lao PDR in relation to entomological parameters

Vythilingam, I. and Sidavong, B. and Chan, S.T. and Phonemixay, T. and Vanisaveth, V. and Sisoulad, P. and Phetsouvanh, R. and Hakim, S.L. and Phompida, S. (2005) Epidemiology of Malaria in Attapeu Province, Lao PDR in relation to entomological parameters. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 99 (11). pp. 833-839. ISSN 0035-9203

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Abstract

Surveys were conducted in malaria-endemic villages in the southern province of Attapeu, Lao PDR during various seasons over a 3-year period. All-night mosquito landing collections, blood surveys and a case-control study were conducted. Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant species, and slide positivity rates were higher during the transition/dry season compared with the wet season. Anopheles dirus A was found to be the primary vector, and sporozoite rates were highest during the transition/dry season. Anopheles dirus was found to be endophagic and endophilic. Not using insecticide-treated bed nets, houses close to breeding sites and sleeping away from home were risk factors associated with malaria.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaria; Plasmodium falciparum; Anopheles dirus A; Lao PDR
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Miss Nur Jannatul Adnin Ahmad Shafawi
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2013 02:09
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2014 03:36
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4221

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