Prevalence of snake bites in Kangar district Hospital, Perlis, West Malaysia: a retrospective study (January 1999-December 2000)

Jamaiah, I. and Rohela, M. and Roshalina, R. and Undan, R.C. (2004) Prevalence of snake bites in Kangar district Hospital, Perlis, West Malaysia: a retrospective study (January 1999-December 2000). Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 35 (4). pp. 962-965. ISSN 01251562

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Abstract

The records of 284 snake bite cases presenting to the Kangar District Hospital, Perlis, West Malaysia, from January 1999 till December 2000 were carefully reviewed. Data on prevalence and types of snake bites, were recorded. The majority of the cases were among Malays (60.2), followed by Chinese (16.9), Indians (13), and others which include Thai nationals, army personnel from Sabah and Sarawak, and foreign tourists (9.8). A higher incidence was found in males (60.2) and most cases were seen in the age group of 10-19 years (33). Snake bites were more common between 2 PM and 9 PM (47.6) and from 7 AM to 2 PM (33.4). The snakes were positively identified in 68 cases, of which 50 were common cobras (Naja naja) (73), 16 were Malayan pit vipers (Agkistrodon rhodostoma) (24) and two were sea-snakes (3).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 4 Export Date: 15 October 2012 Source: Scopus PubMed ID: 15916099 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Jamaiah, I.; Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia; email: jamaiah@ummc.edu.my Chemicals/CAS: Antivenins References: Gopalakrishnakone, P., Chou, L.M., Aye, M.M., (1990) Snake Bites and Their Treatment, pp. 36-39. , Singapore: Singapore University Press; Lim, B.L., Abu Bakar, I., Bites and stings by venomous animals with special reference to snake bites in West Malaysia (1970) Med J Malaya, 25, pp. 128-141; Lim, B.L., Venomous land snakes of Malaysia. Snakes of medical importance (Asia-Pacific region) (1990) Venom Toxin Res Group, pp. 387-417; Muthusamy, E., Snake bite: Experience in Bukit Mertajam District Hospital, Pulau Pinang (1988) Singapore Med J, 29, pp. 383-386; Pierini, S.V., Warrel, D.A., De Paulo, A., Theakston, R.D., High incidence of bites and stings by snakes and other animals among rubber tappers and Amazonian Indians of the Jurua Valley, Acre State, Brazil (1996) Toxicon, 34, pp. 225-236; Reid, H.A., Thean, P.C., Martin, W.T., Epidemiology of snake bite in North Malaya (1963) Br Med J, pp. 992-997; Reid, H.A., Antivenom in sea-snake bite poisoning (1975) Lancet, 1, pp. 622-623; Rudolph, R., Neal, G.E., Williams, J.S., McMahan, A.P., Snake-bite treatment at a southeastern regional referral center (1995) Am Surg, 61, pp. 767-772; Seneviratne, S.L., Opanayaka, C.J., Ratnayake, N.S., Use of antivenom serum in snake bite: A prospective study of hospital practice in the Gampaha district (2000) Ceylon Med J, 45, pp. 65-68; Silveira, P.V., Nishioka, S.De.A., Venomous snake bite without clinical envenoming ('dry-bite'). A neglected problem in Brazil (1995) Trop Geogr Med, 47, pp. 82-85; Snow, R.W., Bronzan, R., Roques, T., The prevalence and morbidity of snake bite and treatment-seeking behaviour among a rural Kenyan population (1994) Ann Trop Med Parasitol, 88, pp. 665-671; Tan, K.K., Choo, K.E., Ariffin, W.A., Snake bite in Kelantanese children: A five year (1990) Toxicon, 28, pp. 225-230; Trishnananda, M., Incidence, clinical manifestation and general management of snake bites (1979) Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, 10, pp. 248-250; Tweedie, M.W.F., (1990) Poisonous Animals of Malaysia, pp. 36-39. , Singapore: Graham Brash; Wilkinson, D., Retrospective analysis of snakebite at a rural hospital in Zululand (1994) S Afr Med J, 84, pp. 844-847
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent adult aged child Chinese female groups by age human Indian major clinical study Malaysia male prevalence review sex difference snake snakebite Thailand Age Distribution Antivenins Child, Preschool Ethnic Groups Humans Infant Medical Records Middle Aged Retrospective Studies Sex Distribution Snake Bites
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2013 01:44
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2013 01:44
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4192

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