Malaria: A 10-year (1994-2003) retrospective study at University Malaya Medical Center (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Jamaiah, I.; Rohela, M.; Nissapatorn, V.; Khoo, B.L.; Khoo, P.S.; Radhiyah, M.; Aisyah, A. (2005) Malaria: A 10-year (1994-2003) retrospective study at University Malaya Medical Center (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health., 36 Sup. pp. 60-63. ISSN 01251562

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    Abstract

    Malaria is still one of the most important vector-borne diseases in Malaysia, particularly in remote areas. This retrospective study was carried out to find the prevalence of malaria among patients admitted to UMMC Kuala Lumpur, from 1994-2003. A total of 86 malaria cases were analyzed. Most cases occurred among foreigners 57% (49 cases) while Malaysians constituted 43% (37 cases). Among foreigners, Indonesians constituted the most 57% (28 cases). Among Malaysians, most cases occurred among the Chinese 35% (13 cases) followed by the Malays 30% (11 cases). Males 70%(60 cases) were more commonly affected. The majority of cases were within the 20-39 year age group (69%). Three species of malaria parasites were reported, of which Plasmodium vivax constituted the most 55%( 47 cases), followed by Plasmodium falciparum 29% (25 cases), and only four cases (5%) of Plasmodium malariae. Nine percent (8 cases) were mixed infections. In this study, 12%(10 cases) developed chloroquine resistance: 7 cases of P. falciparum, and 3 cases of P. vivax. The most common complications were jaundice and anemia 77% (23 cases), followed by blackwater fever 13% (4 cases) and cerebral malaria 10% (3 cases). Most of the complications were due to P. falciparum 43% (13 cases). There were no reported deaths. This new source of malaria coming from foreigners must be given serious attention, as it has great potential of increasing malaria cases in urban Malaysia.

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Jamaiah, I.
    2. Rohela, M.
    3. Nissapatorn, V.
    4. Khoo, B.L.
    5. Khoo, P.S.
    6. Radhiyah, M.
    7. Aisyah, A.
    Journal or Publication Title: The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health.
    Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 15 October 2012 Source: Scopus PubMed ID: 16438181 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Jamaiah, I.email: jamaiah@ummc.edu.my
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult animal article classification female human international cooperation isolation and purification malaria Malaysia male parasitology Plasmodium prevalence retrospective study time university hospital utilization review Animals Hospitals, University Humans Internationality Retrospective Studies Time Factors
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
    Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2012 09:02
    Last Modified: 13 Dec 2012 09:02
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4189

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