Contribution of cattle farms towards river contamination with Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts in Sungai Langat Basin

Farizawati, S.; Lim, Y.A.; Ahmad, R.A.; Fatimah, C.; Siti-Nor, Y. (2005) Contribution of cattle farms towards river contamination with Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts in Sungai Langat Basin. Trop. Biomed, 22 (2). pp. 89-98.

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    Abstract

    A study to determine the contribution of Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts from cattle farms was carried out at the Langat Basin. This study investigated the contribution of cattle farms, located near Sungai Langat and Sungai Semenyih, towards river contamination with these cysts and oocysts. The findings showed that out of 24 samples of water taken from Sungai Semenyih, 4.2 was positive for Giardia cysts with a concentration of 1.3 cysts/L and 20.8 were positive with Cryptosporidium oocysts with a range of 0.7 � 2.7 oocysts/L. At Sungai Langat, from the 43 samples taken, 23.3 were positive for Giardia cysts with a range of 1.5 � 9 cysts/L whereas 11.6 were positive with Cryptosporidium oocysts with a range of 2.5 � 240 oocysts/L. Isolation of cysts and oocysts in bovine faecal materials revealed that 14.6 of faecal samples were positive for Giardia cysts which had a range of 75 � 1.3x10 4 cysts/g and 25 were positive for Cryptosporidium oocysts with a range of 50 - 3.9x10 5 oocysts/g. From the cattle wastewater, 98 were positive with oocysts and 6.7 with cysts. The concentrations were between 20 � 3.1x10 3 oocysts/mL for Cryptosporidium and 4 � 75 cysts/mL for Giardia. Given that the prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia are high amongst the cattle and the positive findings of the (oo)cysts in the river samples, it could be deduced that there is a very high possibility of the cattle farms contaminating the river with Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts. Viability study of Cryptosporidium oocysts in the surrounding soil and pond within the cattle farm showed that the viability of Cryptosporidium oocysts decreased with time. It was estimated that it will take 52 days for all the oocysts from both environment to be non-viable. With a viability rate of approximately 2 months in a cattle farm setup, river water contaminated with Cryptosporidium oocysts has a high chance of acting as an agent of transmission. As cattle farms are also inhabited by the owners and their families, this problem may pose a threat to humans (e.g. children) especially if they are dependent on the river water as their source of water for their daily activities.

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Farizawati, S.
    2. Lim, Y.A.(Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
    3. Ahmad, R.A.
    4. Fatimah, C.
    5. Siti-Nor, Y.
    Journal or Publication Title: Trop. Biomed
    Additional Information: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Parasitology
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Ms Johana Johari
    Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2012 10:06
    Last Modified: 13 Dec 2012 10:06
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4181

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