Tuberculosis in Malaysia: a continuing surge

Nissapatorn, V.; Lim, Y.A.L.; Jamaiah, I.; Man Chin, H.; Ilyana, M.Z.; Nonaziah, M.Z.; Siti Hasifah, A.; Kuppusamy, I. (2007) Tuberculosis in Malaysia: a continuing surge. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 38. p. 231. ISSN 0125-1562

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    Abstract

    The substantial influx of foreign-born persons including immigrant population into the community becomes one of the postulated reasons to be elucidated relating to this so-called �a disease without border� in Malaysia. A total of 425 TB patients, including Malaysians and foreigners, were treated at the Institute of Respiratory Medicine from May to December 2003. TB was found relatively more often in foreign laborers and Malaysians with nonspecific occupations. Tuberculin skin test (TST) was used to screen for latent TB infection and a higher positive rate of TST was found in foreign compared to local patients. Chest X-ray findings showed a higher rate of abnormalities consistent with PTB, found in the majority of both groups. Lymph node biopsy and sputum culture were used significantly to detect the presence of M. tuberculosis and confirm the diagnosis of TB. EHRZ+B6 was significantly the most commonly used anti-tubercular drug regimen, found in both local and foreign patients. Foreign patients were more significantly associated with non-compliance to anti-tubercular therapy. Hepatitis was one of the most common adverse drug reactions found in local patients. The presence of a greater number of illegal migrants, who are highly mobile within the country as well as across borders, and who do not undergo any health screening, further complicates the national tuberculosis control program in the future.

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Nissapatorn, V.
    2. Lim, Y.A.L.
    3. Jamaiah, I.
    4. Man Chin, H.
    5. Ilyana, M.Z.
    6. Nonaziah, M.Z.
    7. Siti Hasifah, A.
    8. Kuppusamy, I.
    Journal or Publication Title: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculosis; Malaysia
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
    Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2012 10:05
    Last Modified: 10 Dec 2012 10:05
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4113

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