Soil-transmitted helminths of humans in Southeast Asia towards integrated control

Jex, A.R.; Lim, Y.A.L.; Bethony, J.; Hotez, P.J.; Young, N.D.; Gasser, R.B. (2011) Soil-transmitted helminths of humans in Southeast Asia towards integrated control. Advances in parasitology, 74. p. 231. ISSN 0065-308X

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Abstract

Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) pose significant public health challenges in many countries of Southeast Asia (SEA). Overall, approximately one-third of the world's cases of ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm disease occur in the 11 major SEA countries. Various countries are at different stages in their response to controlling these diseases. For instance, in Malaysia and Thailand, the major burden of disease is confined to rural/remote, indigenous and/or refugee populations. In countries, such as Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic and Vietnam, the burden remains high, although extensive deworming programmes are underway and are yielding encouraging results. The present chapter reviews the current status of STH infections in SEA, identifies knowledge gaps and offers a perspective on the development of improved, integrated surveillance and control in this geographical region. It indicates that advances in our understanding of the epidemiology of these parasites, through the strategic use of molecular and predictive (e.g. geographical information systems (GIS) and remote sensing (RS)) technologies, could readily underpin future research and control programmes. It is hoped that the gradual move towards integrated treatment/control programmes will assist substantially in decreasing the chronic disease burden linked to STHs, thus increasing human health and welfare, and supporting socio-economic growth and development in SEA countries.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Advances in parasitology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals Asia, Southeastern *Communicable Disease Control Helminthiasis/diagnosis/parasitology/*transmission Helminths/genetics/*physiology Humans Population Surveillance Soil/*parasitology
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Johana Johari
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2012 16:24
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2012 16:24
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4084

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