Tuberculosis: An Eight Year (2000-2007) retrospective study at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Jetan, C.A.; Jamaiah, I.; Rohela, M.; Nissapatorn, V. (2010) Tuberculosis: An Eight Year (2000-2007) retrospective study at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 41 (2). pp. 378-385. ISSN 0125-1562

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    Abstract

    This was an eight year (2000-2007) retrospective study of tuberculosis in patients admitted to the UMMC. A total of 131 cases were analyzed. Malays constituted the most cases, (43), followed by Chinese (22), Indians (17) and others (18). The majority of cases were within the 21-60 year old age group, which constituted 69.5 of the total. Males were more commonly affected (65). Most cases were reported among Malaysians (83). The majority of patients were unemployed (39), followed by housewives (10), laborers (9), students (8), shop assistants (7), and other occupations (27) The most common presenting complaints were prolonged productive cough, night sweats, fever, anorexia, weight loss (57), hemoptysis (34), and undifferentiated symptoms, such as prolonged diarrhea and dysphagia (9) Sputum was positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) in 89, but only 69 of cases had abnormal chest radiographs. The majority of patients (65) developed no complications The most common complications were pleural effusion, pneumothorax and pulmonary fibrosis. The majority of patients (82) suffered either from diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart disease or all 3 conditions Regarding risk factors for tuberculosis, two were HIV positive and two were intravenous drug users. The majority of the patients (85) did not complain of any side effects from then-anti-tuberculosis treatment. Among those who did complain of side effects, the most common were nausea and vomiting (41), drug induced hepatitis (37), blurring of vision (11) and skin rashes (11). Two cases of death were reported

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
    Additional Information: Jetan, C. A. Jamaiah, I. Rohela, M. Nissapatorn, V.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Pneumocystis jirovecii; HIV/AIDS patients; opportunistic infection; Malaysia
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
    Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2012 09:22
    Last Modified: 03 Dec 2012 09:22
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4072

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