Pneumocystis carinii (jirovecii) pneumonia (PCP): the most common opportunistic infection observed in HIV/AIDS cases at the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Ibrahim, Jamaiah and Mahmud, Rohela and Tok, E.L. and Tan, C.L. and Tan, W.H. and Teo, W.S. and Leow, H.F. (2012) Pneumocystis carinii (jirovecii) pneumonia (PCP): the most common opportunistic infection observed in HIV/AIDS cases at the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 43 (4). pp. 825-831. ISSN 0125-1562

[img] PDF
PNEUMOCYSTIS_CARINII_(JIROVECII)_PNEUMONIA_(PCP)-_THE_MOST_COMMON_OPPORTUNISTIC_INFECTION_OBSERVED_IN_HIV_or_AIDS_CASES_AT_THE_UNIVERSITY_MALAYA_MEDICAL_CENTRE,_KUALALUMPUR,_MALAYSIA.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (125kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://www.tm.mahidol.ac.th/seameo/2012-43-4/02-52...

Abstract

This retrospective study was conducted among 59 HIV/AIDS patients with opportunistic infections admitted to the University Malaya Medical Centre between 2000 and 2009. Fifty-five point nine percent of cases were Chinese, 25.4 were Malays, 11.9 were Indians and 6.8 were of unknown ethnic origin. The male:female ratio was 2.9:1 (44 males and 15 females). The highest prevalence (38.9) occurred in the 30-39 year old age group. Men comprised 47.7 and women 53.3; the majority of both were married. The majority of cases were Malaysians (89.8) and the rest (10.2) were immigrants. Most of the patients (18.6) were non-laborers, followed by laborers (11.9), the unemployed (5.1) and housewives (3.4). The most common risk factor was unprotected sexual activity (20.3). The two most common HIV/AIDS related opportunistic infections were Pneumocystis carinii (jirovecii) pneumonia (PCP) (62.7) and toxoplasmosis (28.8). Seventy-two point nine percent of patients had a CD4 count <200 cells/mu l and 5.1 had a CD4 count >500 cells/mu l. Eleven point nine percent of cases died during study period. A low CD4 count had a greater association with opportunistic infections. Most of the patients presented with fever (44.1), cough (42.4) and shortness of breath (28.8). Detection of the etiologic pathogens aids clinicians in choosing appropriate management strategies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Jamaiah, I. Rohela, M. Tok, E. L. Tan, C. L. Tan, W. H. Teo, W. S. Leow, H. F.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pneumocystis jirovecii; HIV/AIDS patients; opportunistic infection; Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2012 06:47
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2019 07:18
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4062

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year