Ng, K H; Rassiah, P; Wang, H B; Hambali, A S; Muthuvellu, P; Lee, H P (1998) Doses to patients in routine X-ray examinations in Malaysia. The British journal of radiology, 71 (846). pp. 654-60. ISSN 0007-1285Full text not available from this repository.
A collaborative national survey initiated by the University of Malaya and the Ministry of Health was conducted from 1993 to 1995 to establish baseline patient dose data for seven common types (12 projections) of X-ray examinations in Malaysia. A total of 12 randomly selected public hospitals and 867 patients were included in this survey. The entrance surface doses (ESD) received by the patients were measured using thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLDs) attached to the patient's skin. Histograms are presented showing wide, positively skewed distributions of measured entrance surface doses for each examination. Mean, median, first and third quartile values of ESD and median effective dose are reported. Survey results are generally comparable with those reported in the UK, USA and by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The results also provide information on dose level for a lower weight population (mean weight 60 kg) compared with the international reference dose values based on a 70 kg standard. The findings support the importance of the on-going national quality assurance programme to ensure doses are kept to a level consistent with optimum image quality. The data will also be useful for the formulation of national guidance levels as recommended by the IAEA. Furthermore, this study provides patient dosimetry information on healthcare level II countries.
|Journal or Publication Title:||The British journal of radiology|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Health Surveys;|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)|
|Depositing User:||Mr. Faizal Hamzah|
|Date Deposited:||04 Mar 2011 17:12|
|Last Modified:||04 Mar 2011 17:12|
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