Frequency of food intakes and dental caries in a Malaysian dental student group

Sulinda, D. and Marina, M.M. and Rahim, Z.H.A. and Ferguson, D.B. (2011) Frequency of food intakes and dental caries in a Malaysian dental student group. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 27 (3). pp. 690-692. ISSN 1682-024X


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Objective: Although the relationship between snack food eating and dental caries has been investigated in the United States and European groups, no data exist for Asian snack foods and diets. Our objective was to investigate snack food eating and dental caries in a Malaysian dental student group. Methodology: Frequency of eating was assessed on a basis of 2 weekday and 2 weekend day diaries for non-fasting students and one weekday and one weekend day during Ramadan, and a similar set outside Ramadan for fasting students. The sucrose and carbohydrate composition of between meal snacks and drinks was identified. The total number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth was recorded by two dental examiners. Results: The modal number of total food intakes was 2 or 3 per day on both weekdays and weekends. The number of between-meal snacks and drinks varied between 0 and 5. They were either high sucrose/low carbohydrate or high sucrose/high carbohydrate. DMFS scores were very low in all subjects but increased with between- meal snack intakes, particularly in the high sucrose/low carbohydrate category. Conclusions: Malaysian students had relatively low frequencies of food intakes but there was still an association between frequency of between-meal snacks and caries rates, as in Western countries.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 802BT Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 12 Cited References: Arcella D, 2002, PUBLIC HEALTH NUTR, V5, P553, DOI 10.1079/PHN2001319 Marshall TA, 2005, J PUBLIC HEALTH DENT, V65, P166, DOI 10.1111/j.1752-7325.2005.tb02807.x Office of National Statistics, 2004, CHILDR DENT HLTH UK Oral Health Division Ministry of Health Malaysia, 2003, DENT MIRR HIST DENT Oral Health Division Ministry of Health Malaysia, 2004, NAT OR HLTH SURV AD, P44 RUGGGUNN AJ, 1984, ARCH ORAL BIOL, V29, P983, DOI 10.1016/0003-9969(84)90145-6 Sayegh A, 2002, BRIT DENT J, V193, P37, DOI 10.1038/sj.bdj.4801478a Sheiham A, 2001, Public Health Nutr, V4, P569 STEPHAN R. M., 1940, JOUR AMER DENTAL ASSOC, V27, P718 Tee ES, 1997, NUTR COMPOSITION MAL Yabao RN, 2005, EUR J CLIN NUTR, V59, P1429, DOI 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602258 Zahara A M Jr, 2010, Malays J Nutr, V16, P83 Sulinda, D. Marina, M. M. Rahim, Z. H. A. Ferguson, D. B. Professional medical publications Saddar Part 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diet Dental Caries Eating Frequency Students children consumption
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral Biology
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2012 02:52
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2012 02:52

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