A concise review on epigenetic regulation: insight into molecular mechanisms.

Golbabapour, S.; Abdulla, M.A.; Hajrezaei, M. (2011) A concise review on epigenetic regulation: insight into molecular mechanisms. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12 (12). ISSN 1422-0067

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    Epigenetic mechanisms are responsible for the regulation of transcription of imprinted genes and those that induce a totipotent state. Starting just after fertilization, DNA methylation pattern undergoes establishment, reestablishment and maintenance. These modifications are important for normal embryo and placental developments. Throughout life and passing to the next generation, epigenetic events establish, maintain, erase and reestablish. In the context of differentiated cell reprogramming, demethylation and activation of genes whose expressions contribute to the pluripotent state is the crux of the matter. In this review, firstly, regulatory epigenetic mechanisms related to somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) reprogramming are discussed, followed by embryonic development, and placental epigenetic issues.

    Item Type: Article
    1. Golbabapour, S.
    2. Abdulla, M.A.(University of Malaya)
    3. Hajrezaei, M.
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
    Additional Information: Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia; E-Mails: ammeen@um.edu.my (M.A.A.); maryam_hajrezaie@yahoo.com (M.H.).
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Epigenetic; Pluripotency; scnt; Embryogenesis; Gametogenesis; Polycomb; Methylation; histone modification
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr. Faizal Hamzah
    Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2012 10:28
    Last Modified: 03 Jul 2012 10:28
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/3458

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