Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem

Al-Mekhlafi, M.H.; Surin, J.; Atiya, A.S.; Ariffin, W.A.; Mahdy, A.K.M.; Abdullah, H.C. (2008) Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102 (10). pp. 1046-1052. ISSN 0035-9203

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    Abstract

    A cross-sectional study to determine the current prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and to investigate the possible risk factors for IDA was carried out on 241 aboriginal schoolchildren (120 boys, 121 girls) aged 7-12 years and living in remote areas in Pos Betau, Pahang, Malaysia. Haemoglobin (Hb) level was measured and serum iron status was assessed by serum ferritin (SF), serum iron (S1) and total iron binding capacity measurements. Socioeconomic data were collected using pre-tested questionnaires. All children were screened for intestinal parasitic infections. Overall, 48.5 (95 CI 42.3-54.8) of children were anaemic (Hb < 12 g/dl). The prevalence of IDA was 34 (95 CI 28.3-40.2), which accounted for 70.1 of the anaemia cases. The prevalence of IDA was significantly higher in females than males. Low levels of mothers' education and low household income were identified as risk factors for IDA. Severe trichuriasis also found to be associated with low SF and St. Logistic regression confirmed tow levels of mothers' education and gender as significant risk factors for IDA. Improvement of socioeconomic status and health education together with periodic mass deworming should be included in public health strategies for the control and prevention of anaemia and IDA in this population. (c) 2008 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Al-Mekhlafi, M.H.
    2. Surin, J.(Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
    3. Atiya, A.S.
    4. Ariffin, W.A.
    5. Mahdy, A.K.M.
    6. Abdullah, H.C.
    Journal or Publication Title: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
    Additional Information: Al-Mekhlafi, M. Hesham Surin, Johari Atiya, A. S. Ariffin, W. A. Mahdy, A. K. Mohammed Abdullah, H. Che
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaemia; Iron deficiency anaemia; Risk factors; Parasitic intestinal diseases; Children; Malaysia
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: jsurin johari surin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2012 15:38
    Last Modified: 20 Jun 2012 15:38
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/3367

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