Drinking water is a significant predictor of Blastocystis infection among rural Malaysian primary schoolchildren

Abdulsalam, A.M.; Ithoi, I.; Al-Mekhlafi, H.M.; Ahmed, A.; Surin, J.; Mak, J.W.A.H. (2012) Drinking water is a significant predictor of Blastocystis infection among rural Malaysian primary schoolchildren. Parasitology, 1 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1469-8161

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    Abstract

    Blastocystis infection has a worldwide distribution especially among the disadvantaged population and immunocompromised subjects. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and the association of Blastocystis infection with the socio-economic characteristics among 300 primary schoolchildren, living in rural communities in Lipis and Raub districts of Pahang state, Malaysia. Stool samples were collected and examined for the presence of Blastocystis using direct smear microscopy after in vitro cultivation in Jones' medium. The overall prevalence of Blastocystis infection was found to be as high as 25·7. The prevalence was signi�cantly higher among children with gastrointestinal symptoms as compared to asymptomatic children (x 2=4·246; P=0·039). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that absence of a piped water supply (OR =3·13; 95 CI =1·78, 5·46; P<0·001) and low levels of mothers' education (OR=3·41; 95 CI =1·62, 7·18; P<0·01) were the signi�cant predictors of Blastocystis infection. In conclusion, Blastocystis is prevalent among rural children and the important factors that determine the infection were the sources of drinking water and mothers' educational level. Interventions with provision of clean water supply and health education especially to mothers are required.

    Item Type: Article
    Journal or Publication Title: Parasitology
    Additional Information: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Blastocystis, predictors, drinking water, schoolchildren, Malaysia.
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: jsurin johari surin
    Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2012 12:31
    Last Modified: 19 Jun 2012 12:31
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/3341

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