The anti-proliferative effects of a palm oil-derived product and its mode of actions in human malignant melanoma MeWo cells

Komarasamy, T.V. and Sekaran , S.D. (2012) The anti-proliferative effects of a palm oil-derived product and its mode of actions in human malignant melanoma MeWo cells. Journal of Oleo Science, 61 (4). pp. 227-266. ISSN 1345-8957

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Melanoma incidence and mortality have risen dramatically in recent years. No effective treatment for metastatic melanoma exists; hence currently, an intense effort for new drug evaluation is being carried out. In this study, we investigated the effects of a palm oil-derived nanopolymer called Bio-12 against human malignant melanoma. The nanopolymers of Bio-12 are lipid esters derived from a range of fatty acids of palm oil. Our study aims to identify the anti-proliferative properties of Bio-12 against human malignant melanoma cell line (MeWo) and to elucidate the mode of actions whereby Bio-12 brings about cell death. Bio-12 significantly inhibited the growth of MeWo cells in a concentration- and time- dependent manner with a median inhibitory concentration (IC₅₀) value of 1/25 dilution after 72 h but was ineffective on human normal skin fibroblasts (CCD-1059sk). We further investigated the mode of actions of Bio-12 on MeWo cells. Cell cycle flow cytometry demonstrated that MeWo cells treated with increasing concentrations of Bio-12 resulted in S-phase arrest, accompanied by the detection of sub-G1 content, indicative of apoptotic cell death. Induction of apoptosis was further confirmed via caspase (substrate) cleavage assay which showed induction of early apoptosis in MeWo cells. In addition, DNA strand breaks which are terminal event in apoptosis were evident through increase of TUNEL positive cells and formation of a characteristic DNA ladder on agarose gel electrophoresis. Moreover, treatment of MeWo cells with Bio-12 induced significant increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity. These results show that Bio-12 possesses the ability to suppress proliferation of human malignant melanoma MeWo cells and this suppression is at least partly attributed to the initiation of the S-phase arrest, apoptosis and necrosis, suggesting that it is indeed worth for further investigations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Medical Microbiology
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Faizal Hamzah
Date Deposited: 17 May 2012 01:37
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2017 06:13

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