Pattern and treatment of early childhood caries among urban children

Musa , S.; Emran, F.; Ismail, H.; Saub, R. Pattern and treatment of early childhood caries among urban children. In: The Preliminary Program for 21st International Association for Dental Research - South East Asia Division : Annual Research Meeting .

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Abstract

Objectives: The aims of the study were to assess the pattern of early childhood caries (ECC) and to determine the treatment indicated for patients attending University of Malaya Dental clinic. Methods: In this retrospective study, data were obtained from patients' record. All patients aged 5 years and below, who had registered and/or treated in year 2000 to 2005, were included. Demographic information, caries experiences and treatment indicated were recorded into patients' data sheet and analysed using SPSS program. Results: Out of 210 patients, only 153 records could be retrieved. Off that, six children were caries free and were excluded from the study. The diagnosis of ECC is based on the presence of one or more decay, missing or filled tooth surface of the primary teeth. 53.7, 26.5 and 19.7 percent of the sample aged 5, 4 and 3 years old, respectively. Sixty five percents of the sample was Malays. The total mean of dft was 6.49 (sd 3.64). The 4 year old age group had the highest dft score (7.49; sd 4.19). The dft score was highest among Malays (6.91; sd 3.69). Boys had higher dft score (7.04; sd 3.90) than girls (dft = 5.89; sd 3.26). Posterior teeth were affected more than the anterior teeth. The first molars in both arches were affected more than the second molars. The maxillary anterior teeth were more affected compared to mandible anterior teeth. Most of the patients were indicated for restorative treatment. Almost none of these patients were indicated for topical fluoride. Conclusions: This study shows that the mean dft is high in this sample. The posterior teeth are mostly affected by caries as compared to the anterior teeth. Topical fluoride is not commonly indicated by the dentists. Thus, it is recommended that dentists should consider preventive intervention in treating ECC.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Creators:
  1. Musa , S.
  2. Emran, F.
  3. Ismail, H.
  4. Saub, R.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pattern and Treatment of early childhood
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Children’s Dentistry And Orthodontics
Depositing User: Associate Professor Dr. Sabri Musa
Date Deposited: 17 May 2012 09:56
Last Modified: 17 May 2012 09:56
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/3176

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