Diagnosing angina using a simple neural network architecture

Bulgiba, A.M. (2006) Diagnosing angina using a simple neural network architecture. JUMMEC, 9 (1). pp. 39-43.

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    Abstract

    The aim of the study was to research the use of a simple neural network in diagnosing angina in patients complaining of chest pain. A total of 887 records were extracted from the electronic medical record system (EMR) in Selayang Hospital, Malaysia. Simple neural networks (simple perceptrons) were built and trained using a subset of 470 records with and without pre-processing using principal components analysis (PCA). These were subsequently tested on another subset of 417 records. Average sensitivity of 80.75 (95 CI 79.54, 81.96), specificity of 41.64 (95 CI 40.13, 43.15), PPV of 46.73 (95 CI 45.20, 48.26) and NPV of 77.39 (95 CI 76.11, 78.67) were achieved with the simple perceptron. When PCA pre-processing was used, the perceptrons had a sensitivity of 1.43 (95 CI 1.06, 1.80), specificity of 98.32 (95 CI 97.92, 98.72), PPV of 32.95 (95 CI 31.51, 34.39) and NPV of 61.33 (95 CI 59.84, 62.82). These results show that it is possible for a simple neural network to have respectable sensitivity and specificity levels for angina. (JUMMEC 2006; 9(1): 39-43)

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Bulgiba, A.M.(Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
    Journal or Publication Title: JUMMEC
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Angina, Diagnosis, Prediction, Decision-Support, Neural Networks, Perceptrons
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Awang Bulgiba Awang Mahmud
    Date Deposited: 03 May 2012 10:54
    Last Modified: 03 May 2012 10:54
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/3084

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