Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia

Choi, P.; Desai, M.M.; Kavasery, R.; Govindasamy, S.; Kamarulzaman, A.; Altice, F.L. (2010) Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 21 (6). pp. 416-423. ISSN 0956-4624

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    HIV-infected prisoners face an inordinate number of community re-entry challenges. In 2007, 102 HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia were surveyed anonymously within six months prior to release to assess the prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges. Staying out of prison (60.8%), remaining off drugs (39.2%), finding employment (35.3%) and obtaining HIV care (32.4%) were the re-entry challenges reported most frequently. Global stigma, negative self-image and public attitudes-related stigma were independently associated with challenges to obtaining HIV care. In multivariate analyses, those with previous incarcerations (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4–7.6), higher HIV-related symptoms (AOR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0–4.1) and higher public attitudes-related stigma (AOR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2–5.1) had a significantly higher likelihood of identifying more re-entry challenges. Targeted interventions, such as effective drug treatment, HIV care and public awareness campaigns, are crucial for stemming the HIV epidemic and improving health outcomes among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia.

    Item Type: Article
    1. Choi, P.
    2. Desai, M.M.
    3. Kavasery, R.
    4. Govindasamy, S.
    5. Kamarulzaman, A.
    6. Altice, F.L.
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of STD and AIDS
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia; prisoners; HIV; AIDS; substance abuse; re-entry; HIV stigma;
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Zanaria Saupi Udin
    Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2011 16:29
    Last Modified: 08 Jul 2017 10:43

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