Choi, P.; Desai, M.M.; Kavasery, R.; Govindasamy, S.; Kamarulzaman, A.; Altice, F.L. (2010) Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia. Int J STD AIDS, 21 (6). pp. 416-423.
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HIV-infected prisoners face an inordinate number of community re-entry challenges. In 2007, 102 HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia were surveyed anonymously within six months prior to release to assess the prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges. Staying out of prison (60.8%), remaining off drugs (39.2%), finding employment (35.3%) and obtaining HIV care (32.4%) were the re-entry challenges reported most frequently. Global stigma, negative self-image and public attitudes-related stigma were independently associated with challenges to obtaining HIV care. In multivariate analyses, those with previous incarcerations (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4–7.6), higher HIV-related symptoms (AOR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0–4.1) and higher public attitudes-related stigma (AOR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2–5.1) had a significantly higher likelihood of identifying more re-entry challenges. Targeted interventions, such as effective drug treatment, HIV care and public awareness campaigns, are crucial for stemming the HIV epidemic and improving health outcomes among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Int J STD AIDS|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Malaysia; prisoners; HIV; AIDS; substance abuse; re-entry; HIV stigma;|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)|
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > School of Medicine|
|Depositing User:||Zanaria Saupi Udin|
|Date Deposited:||24 Feb 2011 16:29|
|Last Modified:||11 Dec 2013 15:55|
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