Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia

Choi, P. and Desai, M.M. and Kavasery, R. and Govindasamy, S. and Kamarulzaman, Adeeba and Altice, Frederick L. (2010) Prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges faced by HIV-infected male prisoners in Malaysia. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 21 (6). pp. 416-423. ISSN 0956-4624

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1258/ijsa.2009.009180

Abstract

HIV-infected prisoners face an inordinate number of community re-entry challenges. In 2007, 102 HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia were surveyed anonymously within six months prior to release to assess the prevalence and correlates of community re-entry challenges. Staying out of prison (60.8%), remaining off drugs (39.2%), finding employment (35.3%) and obtaining HIV care (32.4%) were the re-entry challenges reported most frequently. Global stigma, negative self-image and public attitudes-related stigma were independently associated with challenges to obtaining HIV care. In multivariate analyses, those with previous incarcerations (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4–7.6), higher HIV-related symptoms (AOR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0–4.1) and higher public attitudes-related stigma (AOR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2–5.1) had a significantly higher likelihood of identifying more re-entry challenges. Targeted interventions, such as effective drug treatment, HIV care and public awareness campaigns, are crucial for stemming the HIV epidemic and improving health outcomes among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia; prisoners; HIV; AIDS; substance abuse; re-entry; HIV stigma;
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Zanaria Saupi Udin
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2011 08:29
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 02:35
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/30

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