Tooth size discrepancies in an orthodontic population

Othman, S.A. and Harradine, N. (2007) Tooth size discrepancies in an orthodontic population. Angle Orthodontist, 77 (4). pp. 668-674. ISSN 0003-3219

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Official URL: http://www.angle.org/doi/abs/10.2319/031406-102

Abstract

Objective: To explore how many millimeters of tooth size discrepancy (TSD) are clinically significant, to determine what percentage of a representative orthodontic population has such a tooth size discrepancy, and to determine the ability of simple visual inspection to detect such a discrepancy. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 150 pretreatment study casts with fully erupted and complete permanent dentitions from first molar to first molar, which were selected randomly from 1100 consecutively treated white orthodontic patients. The mesiodistal diameter tooth sizes were measured using digital calipers, and the Bolton analysis and the tooth size corrections were calculated by the Hamilton Arch Tooth System (HATS) software. Simple visual estimation of Bolton discrepancy was also performed. Results: In the sample group 17.4 had anterior tooth-width ratios and 5.4 had total arch ratios greater than 2 of Bolton's standard deviations from Bolton's mean. For the anterior analysis, correction greater than +/- 2 mm was required for 16 of patients in the upper arch or 9 in the lower arch. For the total arch analysis, the corresponding figures are 28 and 24. Conclusions: It is recommended that 2 mm of required tooth size correction is an appropriate threshold for clinical significance. A significant percentage of patients have a TSD of this size. Visual estimation of TSD has low sensitivity and specificity. Careful measurement is more frequently required in clinical practice than visual estimation would suggest.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department Of Children's Dentistry And Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry Building, University of Malaya
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bolton's Ratios, Tooth Size Discrepancy, Different Malocclusion Groups, Premolar, Extractions, Ratio
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Children’s Dentistry And Orthodontics
Depositing User: Dr. Siti Adibah Othman
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2012 00:57
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2014 06:50
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2802

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