A Comprehensive Review on Protection Strategies to Mitigate the Impact of Renewable Energy Sources on Interconnected Distribution Networks

Usama, Muhammad and Mokhlis, Hazlie and Moghavvemi, Mahmoud and Mansor, Nurulafiqah Nadzirah and Alotaibi, Majed A. and Muhammad, Munir Azam and Bajwa, Abdullah Akram (2021) A Comprehensive Review on Protection Strategies to Mitigate the Impact of Renewable Energy Sources on Interconnected Distribution Networks. IEEE Access, 9. pp. 35740-35765. ISSN 2169-3536

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3061919

Abstract

Technology advancement in the last few decades allows large penetration of renewable energy resources in the distribution network (DN). The integration of such resources has shown a substantial impact on DN through power loss reduction and improved network reliability. Besides this, the existing protection system has encountered coordination challenges due to the bidirectional power flow, different types and capacity of generation sources, and changes in fault levels due to network operating modes (grid-connected or islanded). Such conditions may cause the relays to malfunction and imperil the effectiveness of the existing protection scheme. Therefore, an efficient and robust protection coordination scheme is imperative to avoid network reliability and stability issues to the grid. This review paper presents a comparative analysis of various protection techniques implemented to alleviate the impact of integrated resources into DN. Moreover, a comparison of classical and modified protection approaches in terms of advantages, shortcomings, and implementation costs is presented. The prime objective of this study is to highlight the prominence of utilizing user-defined programmable relays for modern DNs. Moreover, recommendations are presented by considering the application of user-defined relay characteristics that can be proved as a robust protection scheme to cope with the protection challenges in existing and future power systems developments. © 2013 IEEE.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Distribution networks (DN); microgrids (MG); protection coordination scheme; renewable energy resources (RES); user-defined characteristics (UDC)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 May 2021 03:42
Last Modified: 07 May 2021 03:42
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25969

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