Multiple intelligences and academic performance among Malaysian undergraduate dental students

Ahmad, R. and Abu Kasim, N.H. and Palaniappan, A.K. (2006) Multiple intelligences and academic performance among Malaysian undergraduate dental students. Journal of Dental Research.

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Abstract

Objectives: To identify the nature of multiple intelligences among dental students and investigate the relationship between these intelligences and performance in the various skill areas of dentistry. Methods: Sixty-one final year dental students at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya in Malaysia were administered a Multiple Intelligence Inventory (MII), David Larear, 1991) after their final written examinations. MII comprised 80 4-point likert items assessing eight types of multiple intelligences: Verbal/Linguistic, Visual Spatial, Logical Mathematical, Musical Rhythmic, Intra Personal, Body Kinesthetic, Inter Personal and Naturalist. These intelligences were correlated with six academic performance scores: Amalgam Class II, Composite, Crown & Bridge, Endodontic, Problem Based Learning and the Final Written Exam. The data were analysed by Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t-test. Results: Significant correlations were found between Intrapersonal intelligence and Composite (r = .32; p < .05) and between Body Kinesthetic and Composite scores (r = .26; p < .05). High Amalgam Class II scorers obtained significantly higher scores on Intrapersonal Intelligence than low scorers (t = 2.49; p < .05). High Composite scorers have significantly higher Body Kinesthetic intelligence than low scorers (t = .29; p < .05). Low endodontic scorers obtained significantly higher scores on Visual Spatial intelligence than high scorers (t = 2.06; p < .05). High PBL scorers obtained significantly higher Interpersonal (t = 2.06; p < .05) and Naturalist Intelligence (t = 3.57; p < .05) than low scorers. Conclusions: There appears to be no significant correlations between the various types of multiple intelligences and achievement in dentistry except for the correlations between Composite scores and Intrapersonal and Body Kinesthetic Intelligence. Generally, there were no significant multiple intelligence differences among high and low performers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Associate Prof. Dr. Noor Hayaty Binti Abu Kasim Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multiple; Intelligences; Academic; Performance; Malaysian; Undergraduate; Dental; Students; Self-Repair; Culture-Conditions; Composite Resin; Dental Pulp Stem Cell; Functionally Graded Design; Multi Layered Post; Functionally Graded Dental Post; Soft Skills; Clinical Pairing; Dental Pulp Stromal Cells; Long-Term Expansion
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Conservative Dentistry
Depositing User: Associate Prof. Dr. Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2012 02:50
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2012 02:50
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2596

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