How does employment respond to minimum wage adjustment in China?

Wye, Chung Khain and Abdul Bahri, Elya Nabila (2021) How does employment respond to minimum wage adjustment in China? The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 32 (1). pp. 90-114. ISSN 1035-3046

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/1035304620970838

Abstract

Under what circumstances can minimum wages increase without adverse effects on employment levels? In 31 Chinese provinces between 2004 and 2015, the employment effect of a minimum wage depended on the minimum wage level, foreign direct investment, per capita gross domestic product and labour productivity. A minimum wage increase reduced hiring as foreign direct investment inflow rose, regardless of the amount of investment. Any positive employment effect of a minimum wage increase was mitigated by per capita gross domestic product growth, except when per capita gross domestic product was above the average. Above-average labour productivity enhancement significantly mitigated the adverse employment effect of the minimum wage. Employers responded to a rising minimum wage by increasing hiring when the geometric growth rates of the minimum wage and foreign direct investment for a particular province within a period of time were above the overall average across provinces. However, they scrutinised both annual and overall economic growth within a time period when making hiring decisions in the face of minimum wage adjustments. An inverted U-shape relationship between minimum wages and employment suggest a maximum threshold value for the minimum wage. Thus, government policy measures should foster short-term and long-term economic growth, to facilitate employment creation when minimum wages increase. JEL Codes: J38, J21, F16, O40 © The Author(s) 2020.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: China; economic growth; employment; foreign direct investment; minimum wage; productivity
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions: Faculty of Economics & Administration
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2021 03:53
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2021 03:53
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25919

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