‘A second Troy!’ Nostos and the poetics of delirium and violence in Derek Walcott’s Odyssey

Zargarzadeh, Haleh and Gabriel, Sharmani Patricia (2021) ‘A second Troy!’ Nostos and the poetics of delirium and violence in Derek Walcott’s Odyssey. Postcolonial Studies, 24 (1). pp. 122-138. ISSN 1368-8790

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/13688790.2020.1712761

Abstract

Drawing principally from Édouard Glissant’s conceptions of detour and délire verbal (verbal delirium) and Frantz Fanon’s notion of the physical and psychological salience of violence, this article explores Odysseus’ nostos, or homecoming, in Derek Walcott’s re-envisioning of the Greek epic poem in The Odyssey: A Stage Version (1993). It examines the alienation experienced by Odysseus on his return to his homeland and the nature of his attempts to reorient himself with ‘home’. It argues that violence and delirium serve as a poetics that helps Walcott’s Odysseus reclaim home from the usurpation of the suitors and achieve nostos. It demonstrates how, through the errant figure of Odysseus and his circuitous journey homeward, Walcott turns the trope of nostos, with its emphasis on disguise and opacity, into a strategy that dismantles the fixed spatial and temporal boundaries between the Old World and the New, coloniser and colonised, putting Ithaca and Homer in dialogue with Walcott and the postcolonial Caribbean. It is hoped that the elucidation of Glissant and Fanon’s ideas in the Ithacan context and quest for home will contribute to new conceptions of home and homecoming in Walcott’s works and in Caribbean literature as a whole. © 2020 The Institute of Postcolonial Studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Derek Walcott; nostos; Odysseus; verbal delirium; violence
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 04:17
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 04:17
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25881

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