Innate Immune System Response Against Environmental Temperature Changes as A Dangerous Abiotic Factor

Alinejad, Tahereh and Bhassu, Subha and Mustafa, Firuza Begham and Othman, Rofina Yasmin (2020) Innate Immune System Response Against Environmental Temperature Changes as A Dangerous Abiotic Factor. Global NEST Journal, 22 (4). pp. 522-534. ISSN 1790-7632

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.003394

Abstract

Innate immune system is the first line response against environmental changes in invertebrate. It protects the animal from environmental changes such as temperature change, PH and salinity as well as pathogens such as bacteria and viruses through different biochemical pathways. In fact, the innate immune system relies on different biochemical reactions which are protecting the animal under adverse environmental circumstances. Among all of the environmental factors, temperature is a dangerous abiotic factor which affects organisms on its ecological level through infiltrating it’s the molecular and cellular levels. Invertebrate could survive from a wide range of environmental effects and possesses innate immunity as its defense systems. This review paper aimed at presenting the main innate immune pathways that are activated against the most abiotic environmental changes. We reviewed fundamental aspects of invertebrates’ defense process by focusing on the important innate immune pathways including: Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), Antimicrobial peptide (AMP), Pro-PO activating system, Melanization Pathway, Lectin Pathway, Apoptosis Pathway, Plasma clotting protein. © 2020 Global NEST Printed in Greece. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental changes; Innate immune system; Invertebrates; Temperature
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2021 03:10
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2021 03:10
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25793

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