Immunohistochemical localization of hTERT protein in oral carcinogenesis

Kumar, S.; Ismail, S.M.; Zain, R.B.; Abraham, M.T.; Cheong, S.C. (2005) Immunohistochemical localization of hTERT protein in oral carcinogenesis. Oral Oncology, 1 (1). pp. 114-115. ISSN 1368-8375

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      Abstract

      Introduction: Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) the catalytic subunit of telomerase is associated with cellular immortalization and tumorigenesis .In situ detection of hTERT using immunohistochemistry (IHC) allows localizing the hTERT- positive cells and also overcomes the limitation of requirement of fresh tissues for molecular techniques such as Telomeric Repeat Amplification Protocol (TRAP) for telomerase/ hTERT detection. The objectives of this study are to detect hTERT protein expression using immunohistochemistry in different histological stages in oral carcinogenesis with paraffin embedded tissue samples and cultured cells and to relate the hTERT expression with different histological stages in oral carcinogenesis. Materials and Methods: A total of 41 parafin-embedded tissue samples with histological diagnoses of normal oral mucosa (n=5), epithelial hyperplasia (n=5), mild epithelial dysplasia (n=9), moderate and severe epithelial dysplasia (n=8) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC, n=14) were analysed for hTERT protein using IHC. TRAP assays were performed on cultured cells namely fibroblasts (immortalized with hTERT) and keratinocytes (OSC-20, OSCC cell line, H S R R B, Japan) as positive controls. The hTERT- labelling index was determined following previously published criteria. Results: All the tissues showed Grades 3 & 4 staining (>10 positive staining nuclei) in basal and parabasal cell layers which are the normal proliferative progenitor compartments where hTERT expression is considered normal. hTERT expression in the superficial layers of the epithelia was elevated in moderate and severe dysplasia (75) with Grades 3 & 4 staining, reduced in mild dysplasia (33.3) and with no expression in epithelial hyperplasia and normal oral mucosa. hTERT protein expression correlated with positive telomerase activity in the cultured cells. Conclusion: There seems to be an up-regulation of hTERT expression with the progression of oral cancer and therefore indicates the feasibility of IHC detection of hTERT protein as a potential prognostic marker in oral carcinogenesis.

      Item Type: Article
      Creators:
      1. Kumar, S.
      2. Ismail, S.M.
      3. Zain, R.B.(Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya)
      4. Abraham, M.T.
      5. Cheong, S.C.
      Journal or Publication Title: Oral Oncology
      Additional Information: Kumar, S Kumar, S Ismail, SM Zain, RB Abraham, MT Cheong, SC 10th International Congress on Oral Cancer Apr 19-24, 2005 Crete, GREECE S
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Oral squamous cell carcinoma, OSCC, lichenoid lesions, lichen planus, oral cancer, oral tumours, pemphigus, traumatic eosinophilic granuloma, aphthous ulcers, oral mucosal lesions, betel chewers mucosa, betel quid related lesions, betel quid, areca quid, tobacco quid, oral cancer screening, training and calibration, early detection, oral cancer awareness, biobanking, tissue bank, databank, oral cancer, tissue bank, research credibility, research ethics
      Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Oral surger
      Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral Pathology & Oral Medicine & Periodontology
      Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rosnah Mohd Zain
      Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 15:53
      Last Modified: 10 Dec 2013 13:11
      URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2576

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