Modification of PMMA dental resin with palm oil based polyol

Shahabudin, N. and Abu Kasim, N.H. and Gan, S.N. (2008) Modification of PMMA dental resin with palm oil based polyol. Journal of Dental Research.

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Abstract

Objectives: This study is an attempt to enhance the properties of conventional PMMA denture material by incorporation of a polyfunctional polyol derived from palm oil by copolymerization with methyl methacrylate monomer to overcome the low fatigue resistance property of PMMA. Methods: A series of copolymerizations of palm oil polyol with MMA was performed in solution. The polyol was added from 40-20 , MMA from 20-40 , benzoyl peroxide as initiator was at 0.04 and toluene used as solvent was at 60 of the total weight. The copolymerization was carried out in a 500ml-round-bottom reaction flask, equipped with a magnetic stirrer, for 7.5 hour at 80ºC, in a water bath. The yield of each copolymerization obtained was recorded and the conversion was estimated gravimetrically. Later, the polymers acquired were analyzed by FTIR. Results: The copolymerizations have achieved conversions that ranged from 24 to 95, where the higher conversion was obtained when the reactant mixture contain higher amount of MMA. The reaction produced a clear color, light-weighted copolymer that has the potential to be developed as denture material. The evidence of incorporation of the polyol into PMMA was given by the FTIR measurements, by comparing the spectrum of the copolymer to the spectrum of PMMA and polyol. Evaluations of the mechanical properties were currently being carried out. Conclusion: The new copolymers have potential of being developed into new dental materials. The branching structure of the copolymer was expected to improve the impact strength of PMMA. In addition, the palm oil based polyol was made from natural sustainable material. This study was supported by E-Science fund, Grant No.: 03-0103-SF0190 and University of Malaya, Postgraduate Research Vote Grant No. : PS 079C/ 2007C and National Science Fellowship (NSF 2007/2008).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Associate Prof. Dr. Noor Hayaty Binti Abu Kasim Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Modification; Pmma; Dental Resin; Palm Oil; Based Polyol; Self-Repair; Culture-Conditions; Composite Resin; Dental Pulp Stem Cell; Functionally Graded Design; Multi Layered Post; Functionally Graded Dental Post; Soft Skills; Clinical Pairing; Dental Pulp Stromal Cells; Long-Term Expansion
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Conservative Dentistry
Depositing User: Associate Prof. Dr. Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 07:44
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2014 05:29
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2571

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