Zooplankton of the Straits of Malacca, with emphasis on copepods and fish larvae in the vicinities of Jarak, Perak and Sembilan Islands

Chew, L.L. and Chong, Ving Ching and Ooi, A.L. (2008) Zooplankton of the Straits of Malacca, with emphasis on copepods and fish larvae in the vicinities of Jarak, Perak and Sembilan Islands. Malaysian Journal of Science, 27 (3). pp. 83-103. ISSN 1394-3065

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Official URL: https://mjs.um.edu.my/article/view/7712

Abstract

Zooplankton diversity and abundance of the Malacca Straits' waters were assessed in the SESMA I and II research cruises from 4-9 June 2004 and 23-28 November 2007 respectively. In SESMA I, samplings of zooplankton in the waters of Pulau (island) Jarak, Pulau Sembilan and Pulau Perak, were carried out by oblique tows using 45-cm diameter bongo nets of 180 iim and 363 urn mesh size. From the bongo net catches, the estimated mean wet biomass (± SD, g m-3) of zooplankton at Pulau Jarak, Pulau Sembilan and Pulau Perak were respectively 0.49 ± 0.22,0.45±0.10 and 0.16 ± 0.10 for the fine net, and 0.14 ± 0.04, 0.14 ± 0.10 and 0.10 ± 0.01 for the coarse net. For the same sites, the mean total zooplankton density (mdiv. m3), as estimated by the fine net, was 2 990 ± 1191, 14 242 ± 3441 and 1722 ± 460, respectively. For fish larvae, the mean density (mdiv. 100 m-3) at these sites were 31.7 ± 6.7, 22.9 ± 16.5 and 26.3 ± 2.9, respectively. The main taxa of zooplankton were Copepoda, Urochordata, Ostracoda, Polychaeta and Mollusca. Copepods were represented by 71 identified species from 24 families, which were dominated by the Paracalanidae, Oithonidae, Oncaeidae, Corycaeidae and Euterpinidae. Fish larvae were represented by 24 identified families, the most abundant were from the Carangidae, Engraulidae, Gobiidae and Siganidae. However, the waters around the islands were not as rich in fish larvae (23 -32 mdiv. 100 m-3 ) as compared to the more open waters in the straits, where along a transect from Pulau Pangkor to Pulau Perak, the fish larval abundance sampled ranged from 38 -274 mdiv. 100 m-3. The light traps deployed in Pulau Jarak and Pulau Sembilan waters during SESMA II were not effective in sampling zooplankton due to swift water conditions during the study period. In Pulau Jarak waters, the main zooplankton attracted to the light traps were copepods (46.9%), followed by isopods (12%), Lucjfer (9.7%), Oikopleura (6.6%), fish larvae (2.3%) and other crustaceans (15.1%). In Pulau Sembilan waters, Acetes (54.2%) dominated, followed by copepods (20.8%), ostracods (5.5%) and other crustaceans (13%).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Copepod; Fish larvae; Straits of Malacca; Zooplankton
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 02:33
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2020 02:33
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25636

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