The influence of leadership quality towards community cohesion in Iban community in Malaysia

Islam, M. Rezaul and Wahab, Haris Abd and Anggum, Laying (2020) The influence of leadership quality towards community cohesion in Iban community in Malaysia. Heliyon, 6 (2). e03370. ISSN 2405-8440

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03370

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the influence of the traditional leadership qualities towards to develop community cohesion in the Iban community in Malaysia. A quantitative approach was used to conduct this study, where data were collected through a self-administered survey questionnaire from 210 chiefs in the Iban longhouse at the Pakan District in Sarawak, Malaysia. A pre-tested questionaire was administrered to the respondents using a simple random sampling in the District of Pakan, Sarawak. The leadership quality was measured based on the leadership traits, leadership style, leadership behaviour, situational leadership, and trsnformational leadership; while the community cohesion was measured by a sense of belonging, social alienation, social support, rootedness, social solidarity, and social ties. The results of the correlation and regression analysis showed that the traditional leadership qualities had a significant correlation with the development of social cohesion. The findings proved that the traditional leadership is essential to increase community cohesion in the Iban community. The findings would be important guideline to the development thinkers, practitioners, community leaders, and development institutions. © 2020

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Iban community; Community development; Malaysia; Leadership quality; Leadership; Community cohesion; Social sciences; Economics; Sociology; Social organisation; Human rights
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2020 07:30
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2020 07:30
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25265

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