Significant association of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) but not of p53 polymorphisms with oral squamous cell carcinomas in Malaysia

Saini, R.; Tang, T.H.; Zain, R.B.; Cheong, S.C.; Musa, K.I.; Saini, D.; Ismail, A.R.; Abraham, M.T.; Mustafa, W.M.W.; Santhanam, J. (2011) Significant association of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) but not of p53 polymorphisms with oral squamous cell carcinomas in Malaysia. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, 137 (2). pp. 311-320. ISSN 0171-5216

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      Abstract

      Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of HPV and p53 polymorphisms in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) affecting Malaysian population. Methods: We analysed frozen samples from 105 OSCC as well as 105 oral specimens derived from healthy individuals. PCR assays targeting two regions of the virus were used. PCR amplification for the analysis of p53 codon 72 arginine/proline alleles was carried out in a separate reaction. Results: HPV DNA was detected in 51.4 OSCC samples, while 24.8 controls were found to be HPV positive. HPV was found to be significantly associated with OSCC (P < 0.001, OR = 4.3 after adjustment for habits) when compared to controls. High-risk HPV was found to be significantly associated with OSCC cases (P < 0.05). Demographic profiles of age, gender, race and habits were not associated with HPV presence in cases and controls. However, significantly less HPV positivity was seen in poorly differentiated compared to well-differentiated OSCCs. No significant association was found between HPV positivity and p53 polymorphisms in cases and control groups. Additionally, we found no association of codon 72 polymorphism with oral cancer. Conclusions: This study indicates that high-risk HPV infection is one of the contributing factors for OSCCs. HPV 16 was the predominant type found in Malaysian patients with OSCC. Further, we did not find any association between p53 codon 72 polymorphism and HPV infection or between the p53 polymorphism and the risk of oral cancer. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

      Item Type: Article
      Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
      Additional Information: Saini, Rajan Tang, Thean-Hock Zain, Rosnah Binti Cheong, Sok Ching Musa, Kamarul Imran Saini, Deepti Ismail, Abdul Rashid Abraham, Mannil Thomas Mustafa, Wan Mahadzir Wan
      Uncontrolled Keywords: High-risk HPV, Oral squamous cell carcinoma, p53 polymorphism, Oral squamous cell carcinoma, OSCC, lichenoid lesions, lichen planus, oral cancer, oral tumours, pemphigus, traumatic eosinophilic granuloma, aphthous ulcers, oral mucosal lesions, betel chewers mucosa, betel quid related lesions, betel quid, areca quid, tobacco quid, oral cancer screening, training and calibration, early detection, oral cancer awareness, biobanking, tissue bank, databank, oral cancer, tissue bank, research credibility, research ethics.
      Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Oral surger
      Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral Pathology & Oral Medicine & Periodontology
      Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rosnah Mohd Zain
      Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2012 08:56
      Last Modified: 10 Dec 2013 13:04
      URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2515

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