Dietary Practices and Meal Patterns among Overweight and Obese School Children in Malaysia: Baseline Data from a School-Based Intervention Study

Selamat, Rusidah and Raib, Junidah and Abdul Aziz, Nur Azlina and Zulkafly, Norlida and Ismail, Ainan Nasrina and W Mohamad, W Nurul Ashikin and Nasruddin, Nur Izzatun Nasriah and Jalaludin, Muhammad Yazid and Md Zain, Fuziah and Ishak, Zahari and Yahya, Abqariyah and Mokhtar, Abdul Halim (2020) Dietary Practices and Meal Patterns among Overweight and Obese School Children in Malaysia: Baseline Data from a School-Based Intervention Study. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 59 (3). pp. 263-278. ISSN 0367-0244

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.2019.1694922

Abstract

This study aimed to determine dietary practices and meal patterns among Malaysian overweight and obese school children at baseline. This study was part of a school-based obesity intervention study, My Body is Fit and Fabulous at School (MyBFF@school). It involved 1045 primary and 1041 secondary overweight and obese school children from a randomly selected 23 out of 1196 primary and 15 out of 416 secondary government schools in central Peninsular Malaysia. The results showed a significantly higher of adequate intake (4–8 servings/day) of cereals and grains among primary (54.7%) than secondary school children (48.2%). About 28.2% of primary and 32.6% of secondary school children had consumed adequate fruit (2 servings/day), while a very low percentage of both primary (5.0%) and secondary (3.6%) school children consumed adequate vegetables (3 servings/day). As for the meal patterns, school children in both primary and secondary were not taking breakfast regularly (mean±SD for primary: 3.16 ± 2.61 days/week vs secondary: 2.97 ± 2.52 days/week). There was also a significantly higher mean frequency of primary school children brought plain water to school than the secondary school children. In conclusion, urgent actions to address improper dietary practices and meal patterns of overweight and obese school children in Malaysia are warranted. © 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Childhood obesity; dietary practices; meal patterns
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2020 03:53
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2020 03:53
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24989

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