Knowledge, attitude and practice on dengue prevention and dengue seroprevalence in a dengue hotspot in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study

Selvarajoo, Sivaneswari and Liew, Jonathan Wee Kent and Tan, Wing and Lim, Xin Ying and Refai, Wardha F. and Zaki, Rafdzah Ahmad and Sethi, Neha and Wan Sulaiman, Wan Yusoff and Lim, Yvonne Ai Lian and Vadivelu, Jamuna and Vythilingam, Indra (2020) Knowledge, attitude and practice on dengue prevention and dengue seroprevalence in a dengue hotspot in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66212-5

Abstract

Dengue has become a global public health problem. Despite reactive efforts by the government in Malaysia, the dengue cases are on the increase. Adequate knowledge, positive attitude and correct practice for dengue control are essential to stamp out the disease. Hence, this study aims to assess the factors associated with dengue knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP), as well as the association with dengue IgM and IgG seropositivity. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in a closed, dengue endemic area with multi-storey dwellings. Five hundred individuals (aged 18 years and above) were approached for pre-tested KAP and seroprevalences assessment. The study showed only half of the total participants have good knowledge (50.7%) but they had insufficient knowledge about dengue during pregnancy. 53.2% of people had poor attitude and 50.2% reported poor practice for dengue control. Out of 85 respondents who agreed to participate in the dengue seroprevalence study, 74.1% (n = 63) were positive for dengue IgG and 7.1% (n = 6) were positive for dengue IgM. Among all sociodemographic variable, race is the only independent predicator for all KAP levels (P < 0.05). In conclusion, proactive and sustainable efforts are needed to bring a behavioural change among communities in order to fight dengue outbreaks in endemic areas. © 2020, The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Entomology; Viral infection
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2020 05:00
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 05:00
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24981

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