Experimental investigation on stability, thermal conductivity and rheological properties of rGO/ethylene glycol based nanofluids

Shah, Syed Nadeem Abbas and Shahabuddin, Syed and Sabri, Mohd Faizul Mohd and Salleh, Faiz and Ali, Mohamad Azlin and Hayat, Nasir and Sidik, Nor Azwadi Che and Samykano, Mahendran and Saidur, R. (2020) Experimental investigation on stability, thermal conductivity and rheological properties of rGO/ethylene glycol based nanofluids. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 150. p. 118981. ISSN 0017-9310

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019....

Abstract

The present study reports stability, thermal conductivity and rheological properties of reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/ethylene glycol (EG) based nanofluids at three volume concentrations (0.02%, 0.04%, 0.05%). The properties of the prepared nanofluids were comprehensively characterised and analysed by employing different techniques such as field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), particle size analyser, Zetasizer, UV–vis spectrometry, rheometer, thermal conductivity meter and a pH measurement system. The effect of various surfactants such as SDS, SDBS and CTAB at four volume concentrations (0.05%, 0.5%, 1%, 2%) on the thermo-physical properties of the nanofluid were investigated. The experimental analysis revealed that the concentration of rGO and surfactants has greatly influenced stability, particle size distribution, dynamic viscosity and the thermal conductivity of the nanofluids. In addition, the viscoelastic rheological analysis shows considerable yield stress due to the presence of the rGO which was subsequently improved by surfactant, whereas non-Newtonian flow prevails at a shear rate below 10 s−1 followed by Newtonian behaviour afterward. Besides, temperature sweep measurements within temperature range (25–70 °C) indicates that the viscosity decrease with temperature and improvement persists. Consequently, the results suggested that the surfactants improve the zeta potential but the average particle size of colloids also increases due to agglomeration. The optimum rGO/EG nanofluid (0.02% rGO with 1% SDBS) was selected based on maximum thermal conductivity enhancement (11.3%), high relative concentration (~83% after four days) and the reduction in viscosity (~14.4% less than ethylene glycol). However, anomalous reduction in dynamic viscosity up to 22% and an increase in thermal conductivity up to 11.3% propose the use of surfactant base nanofluids in potential engineering applications. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanofluids; Colloidal stability; Reduced graphene oxide; Rheology; Thermal conductivity
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2020 03:35
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 03:35
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24970

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