Association between retinol and vitamin C with the risk of oral cancer : a case-control study

Vimmitra, A.; Razak, I.A.; Helen-Ng, L.C.; Ghani, W.M.N.; Abdullah, N.; Zain, R.B. (2011) Association between retinol and vitamin C with the risk of oral cancer : a case-control study. Oral Oncology, 47. S107-S107. ISSN 1368-8375

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      Introduction: Dietary intake has been hypothesized to be associated with various diseases including oral cancer. According to studies worldwide, imbalanced diet and nutrient deficiency have been attributed to promote oral malignancies. However, the function of specific nutrients in preventing oral cancer remains largely undefined. This study aims to investigate the association between intake of retinol and vitamin C with the risk of oral cancer. Materials and methods: Dietary intake data was collected from 8 participating hospitals throughout Malaysia using a validated foodfrequency questionnaire (FFQ). Intake of retinol and vitamin C were computed using the Nutriemart software. This case-control study included 150 cases and 150 controls matched for age, gender and ethnicity.The association between micronutrients, risk habits and oral cancer was analysed using Pearson Chi-Square test and multiple logistic regression. Results: Significantly more controls were found to consume retinol (27.3) and vitamin C (83.3) above the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) as compared to cases (10.7 and 72.0, respectively). Among risk habits, only cigarette smoking was found to have an inverse association with vitamin C (p = 0.021) where as no risk habits were found to be associated with retinol intake. After adjusting for confounding factors, only retinol intake was found to be inversely related to the risk of oral cancer (aOR 0.272, 95CI 0.135� 0.548). Discussion: This study suggests that vitamin C appears to reduce risk of oral cancer and this relationship is weakened after adjusting for risk habits. Meanwhile, retinol intake proves to provide protection against oral cancer up to 72.8 independent of risk habits practiced.

      Item Type: Article
      1. Vimmitra, A.
      2. Razak, I.A.
      3. Helen-Ng, L.C.
      4. Ghani, W.M.N.
      5. Abdullah, N.
      6. Zain, R.B.(Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya)
      Journal or Publication Title: Oral Oncology
      Additional Information: Vimmitra, A. Razak, I. A. Helen-Ng, L. C. Ghani, W. M. N. Abdullah, N. Zain, R. B. 3rd World Congress of the International-Academy-of-Oral-Oncology Jul 14-17, 2011 Singapore, SINGAPORE 1
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Oral squamous cell carcinoma, OSCC, lichenoid lesions, lichen planus, oral cancer, oral tumours, pemphigus, traumatic eosinophilic granuloma, aphthous ulcers, oral mucosal lesions, betel chewers mucosa, betel quid related lesions, betel quid, areca quid, tobacco quid, oral cancer screening, training and calibration, early detection, oral cancer awareness, biobanking, tissue bank, databank, oral cancer, tissue bank, research credibility, research ethics.
      Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Oral surger
      Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral Pathology & Oral Medicine & Periodontology
      Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rosnah Mohd Zain
      Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2012 11:03
      Last Modified: 11 Dec 2014 14:18

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