FE simulation study of deep drawing process of SUS304 cups having no delayed cracks under enhanced blank holding force

Tan, Chin Joo and Aslian, Afshin (2020) FE simulation study of deep drawing process of SUS304 cups having no delayed cracks under enhanced blank holding force. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 234 (1-2). pp. 84-94. ISSN 0954-4054

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0954405419855230

Abstract

In the experiment, delayed cracks in deep drawing processes of metastable stainless steel SUS304 cylindrical cups were prevented using elevated blank holding force aided by nanolubrication. Besides tensile residual hoop stresses, the elimination of the cracks was also attributed to the change in wall thickening profile along the wavy cup edges. The wall thickening is a result of the high circumferential stress acting in the flange, leading to the high concentration of deformation-induced martensite and high risk of cracks. The amount of increase in wall thickness in the valleys along the edge during the deep drawing process was higher than the peaks at low blank holding force range due to shorter heights. Therefore, the portions of blank equivalent to the valleys were subject to higher holding force during the process, resulting in decrease in degree of wall thickening with increase in height for blank holding force up to 25 kN. However, the wall thickening and the height increased at blank holding force of 28 kN due to the same amount of increase in wall thickness in both valleys and peaks, resulting in a larger contacting area and lower holding force. Therefore, the wall thickness in the valleys sharply increased, and the formation of the cracks persists. Within the crack-free range, that is, from 29 to 31 kN, both the heights and wall thickening decreased. The decrease in frictional force by means of the nanolubrication has facilitated the flow of material into the die, resulting in lower cup height. It also facilitated the flow of materials away from the thick valley regions under the high pressure, resulting in significant decrease in degree of wall thickening. The cracks were prevented. The amount of compression at blank holding force of 32 kN was insufficient to suppress the increase in wall thickening in valleys, resulting in the formation of the cracks again. © IMechE 2019.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Delayed cracks; deep drawing; residual stress; metastable stainless steel; finite element simulation
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2020 01:49
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2020 01:49
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24838

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