Sex Differences in Mate Preferences Across 45 Countries: A Large-Scale Replication

Walter, Kathryn V. and Conroy-Beam, Daniel and Buss, David M. and Asao, Kelly and Sorokowska, Agnieszka and Sorokowski, Piotr and Aavik, Toivo and Akello, Grace and Alhabahba, Mohammad Madallh and Alm, Charlotte and Amjad, Naumana and Anjum, Afifa and Atama, Chiemezie S. and Atamtürk Duyar, Derya and Ayebare, Richard and Batres, Carlota and Bendixen, Mons and Bensafia, Aicha and Bizumic, Boris and Boussena, Mahmoud and Butovskaya, Marina and Can, Seda and Cantarero, Katarzyna and Carrier, Antonin and Cetinkaya, Hakan and Croy, Ilona and Cueto, Rosa María and Czub, Marcin and Dronova, Daria and Dural, Seda and Duyar, Izzet and Ertugrul, Berna and Espinosa, Agustín and Estevan, Ignacio and Esteves, Carla Sofia and Fang, Luxi and Frackowiak, Tomasz and Garduño, Jorge Contreras and González, Karina Ugalde and Guemaz, Farida and Gyuris, Petra and Halamová, Mária and Herak, Iskra and Horvat, Marina and Hromatko, Ivana and Hui, Chin-Ming and Jaafar, Jas Laile Suzana and Jiang, Feng and Kafetsios, Konstantinos and Kavčič, Tina and Kennair, Leif Edward Ottesen and Kervyn, Nicolas and Khanh Ha, Truong Thi and Khilji, Imran Ahmed and Köbis, Nils C. and Lan, Hoang Moc and Láng, András and Lennard, Georgina R. and León, Ernesto and Lindholm, Torun and Linh, Trinh Thi and Lopez, Giulia and Van Luot, Nguyen and Mailhos, Alvaro and Manesi, Zoi and Martinez, Rocio and McKerchar, Sarah L. and Meskó, Norbert and Misra, Girishwar and Monaghan, Conal and Mora, Emanuel C. and Moya-Garófano, Alba and Musil, Bojan and Natividade, Jean Carlos and Niemczyk, Agnieszka and Nizharadze, George and Oberzaucher, Elisabeth and Oleszkiewicz, Anna and Omar-Fauzee, Mohd Sofian and Onyishi, Ike E. and Özener, Baris and Pagani, Ariela Francesca and Pakalniskiene, Vilmante and Parise, Miriam and Pazhoohi, Farid and Pisanski, Annette and Pisanski, Katarzyna and Ponciano, Edna and Popa, Camelia and Prokop, Pavol and Rizwan, Muhammad and Sainz, Mario and Salkičević, Svjetlana and Sargautyte, Ruta and Sarmány-Schuller, Ivan and Schmehl, Susanne and Sharad, Shivantika and Siddiqui, Razi Sultan and Simonetti, Franco and Stoyanova, Stanislava Yordanova and Tadinac, Meri and Varella, Marco Antonio Correa and Vauclair, Christin-Melanie and Vega, Luis Diego and Widarini, Dwi Ajeng and Yoo, Gyesook and Zat’ková, Marta and Zupančič, Maja (2020) Sex Differences in Mate Preferences Across 45 Countries: A Large-Scale Replication. Psychological Science, 31 (4). pp. 408-423. ISSN 0956-7976

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797620904154

Abstract

Considerable research has examined human mate preferences across cultures, finding universal sex differences in preferences for attractiveness and resources as well as sources of systematic cultural variation. Two competing perspectives—an evolutionary psychological perspective and a biosocial role perspective—offer alternative explanations for these findings. However, the original data on which each perspective relies are decades old, and the literature is fraught with conflicting methods, analyses, results, and conclusions. Using a new 45-country sample (N = 14,399), we attempted to replicate classic studies and test both the evolutionary and biosocial role perspectives. Support for universal sex differences in preferences remains robust: Men, more than women, prefer attractive, young mates, and women, more than men, prefer older mates with financial prospects. Cross-culturally, both sexes have mates closer to their own ages as gender equality increases. Beyond age of partner, neither pathogen prevalence nor gender equality robustly predicted sex differences or preferences across countries. © The Author(s) 2020.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mate preferences; sex differences; cross-cultural studies; evolutionary psychology; biosocial role theory; open data; preregistered
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 08:15
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2020 08:15
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24772

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