Giant cell arteritis with panocular involvement in an Indian male

Jaais, Fathilah and Jamaliah, R. (2003) Giant cell arteritis with panocular involvement in an Indian male. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 58 (1). pp. 111-114. ISSN 0300-5283

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Abstract

A case of giant cell arteritis with systemic and panocular involvement is reported here. This elderly Indian male presented with symptoms of unilateral temporal headache and intermittent jaw claudication for a month followed by diplopia and blurring of vision and later loss of vision in the right eye. The right eye showed some limitation of ocular movements, presence of relative afferent pupil defect, anterior segment ischaemic changes and anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy. Visual evoked potential showed an absent P1 wave while the left eye with normal 6/6 vision sowed a prolonged P1 wave. Fundus fluoresceine angiography showed delay in choroidal perfusion. His erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 120 mm/hr and he was started on oral prednisolone. Superficial temporal artery biopsy obtained one week after starting steroids was positive for giant cell arteritis. Steroids led to the resolution of optic disc swelling, disappearance of anterior segment signs, full recovery of right ocular movements and no further deterioration of the fellow eye. On steroids, he developed insomnia and progressive myopathy which resolved and is now symptom free at lower doses of steroids.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DH
Uncontrolled Keywords: GCA; relative afferent pupil defect; anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr Jasny Razali
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2021 07:01
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2021 07:01
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24587

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