Sintering behavior of anorthite-based composite ceramics produced from natural phosphate and kaolin

Kenzour, A. and Belhouchet, Hocine and Kolli, M. and Djouallah, S. and Kherifi, D. and Ramesh, Singh (2019) Sintering behavior of anorthite-based composite ceramics produced from natural phosphate and kaolin. Ceramics International, 45 (16). pp. 20258-20265. ISSN 0272-8842

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.06.299

Abstract

In the present work anorthite-TCP composite ceramics was produced for the first time by the solid-state sintering process involving the mixture of local natural materials of phosphate and kaolin. Various samples were prepared by varying the kaolin content from 47 to 57 wt%. The composite ceramics were sintered in air at various temperatures ranging from 1250 °C to 1325 °C and characterized to determine the phase present, relative density, Vickers microhardness, chemical bonding of molecules and microstructural development. In general, all the samples exhibited a hybrid structure, comprising of anorthite and β-TCP as the major phases with a concomitant minor phases such as TTCP and/or gehlinite depending on the temperature and kaolin content. In addition, increasing kaolin content and sintering temperature were found to be effective in improving the densification and hardness of the sintered body. In particular, sample containing 57 wt% kaolin exhibited excellent densification at 1300 °C and 1325 °C, achieving above 97% dense bodies and highest hardness of about 6.5 ± 0.7 GPa. Microstructural investigation revealed that a dense structure was evident for these samples due mainly to enhanced particle coalescence during the liquid phase sintering, resulting in pore elimination and grain coarsening. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural phosphate; Kaolin; TCP; Anorthite; Anorthite-TCP composite
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2020 11:22
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2020 11:22
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24219

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