In vitro antiviral activity of fisetin, rutin and naringenin against dengue virus type-2

Keivan, Z. and Boon-Teong, T. and Sing-Sin, S. and Pooi-Fong, W. and Mustafa, M.R. and Sazaly, A.B. (2011) In vitro antiviral activity of fisetin, rutin and naringenin against dengue virus type-2. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5 (23). pp. 5534-5539. ISSN 1996-0875

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Abstract

In vitro antiviral activities of three flavonoids; fisetin, naringenin and rutin against DENV-2 (NGC strain) were evaluated. Inhibitory effects of each compound at the different stages of DENV-2 infection were examined using foci forming unit reduction assay (FFURA) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain amplification (qRT-PCR). Fisetin, rutin and naringenin showed cytotoxic effects against Vero cells with 50% cytotoxicity (CC50) values of 247, >1000, and 87 µg/mL, respectively. Fisetin when added to Vero cells after virus adsorption inhibited DENV replication with a half maximal inhibition concentration (IC50) value of 55 µg/mL and selectivity index (SI) of 4.49. The IC50 value of fisetin was 43.12 µg/mL with SI=5.72 when Vero cells were treated for 5 h before virus infection and continuously up to 4 days postinfection. There was no direct virucidal activity or prophylactic activity of fisetin against DENV-2. Rutin and naringenin did not inhibit DENV-2 replication in Vero cells. Naringenin however, exhibited direct virucidal activity against DENV-2 with IC50 = 52.64 µg/mL but the SI was <1. The present study suggests that among the flavonoids examined, only fisetin showed significant in vitro anti dengue virus replication activity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Center (TIDREC), Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Infectious Disease; Virology; Dengue; Antivirals; Flavonoid.
Subjects: R Medicine
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 07:10
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2012 07:10
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2412

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