Regulatory arbitrage in relation to international human rights

Minhat, Marizah and Abdullah, Mazni and Dzolkarnaini, Nazam (2019) Regulatory arbitrage in relation to international human rights. Journal of Human Rights, 18 (5). pp. 579-596. ISSN 1475-4835

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/14754835.2019.1647097

Abstract

The adoption of the United Nations (UN) Charter in 1945 marked the legalization of international human rights. Despite the legalized status of human rights, their violation by states is not uncommon. This article questions why a state might violate international human rights. Analyzing this issue from an economic perspective, this article advances regulatory arbitrage theory to rationalize a state’s violation of human rights. It discusses regulatory arbitrage-type behaviors among state actors that derogate from the obligations to respect, protect, and fulfill human rights. Defending state sovereignty, minimizing regulatory or compliance costs, and prioritizing economic achievement are identified as rational arbitrage actions that circumvent international human rights. We call for competent and credible governance mechanisms that can increase the cost of arbitrage, to disincentivize state violation of international human rights. © 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human rights; Repression; International human
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Accountancy
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2020 01:18
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2020 01:18
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24028

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